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Renal cell carcinoma: Associations between tumor imaging features and epidemiological risk factors


Hötker, Andreas M; Karlo, Christoph A; Di Paolo, Pier Luigi; Zheng, Junting; Moskowitz, Chaya S; Russo, Paul; Hricak, Hedvig; Akin, Oguz (2020). Renal cell carcinoma: Associations between tumor imaging features and epidemiological risk factors. European Journal of Radiology, 129:109096.

Abstract

PURPOSE

To investigate associations between imaging features of tumors and age, gender and body mass index (BMI) in patients with renal cell carcinoma.

METHOD

This IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant study included 1348 patients with histopathologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma of the clear cell subtype (ccRCC, n = 904) or non-clear cell subtype (n = 444), who underwent pre-treatment CT imaging less than 180 days before nephrectomy between 1999 and 2011. Two radiologists independently, retrospectively analyzed all imaging studies and identified features (necrosis, renal vein invasion, contact with renal sinus fat, multicystic appearance and nodular enhancement), which were then correlated with patient age, gender and BMI at time of surgery.

RESULTS

Inter-reader agreement on imaging features ranged from substantial to excellent (kappa: 0.688 to 0.982). In the ccRCC group, multicystic tumor appearance was significantly associated with lower patient age (p < 0.05) and lower BMI (p < 0.05); the presence of renal vein invasion was significantly associated with lower BMI in males (p < 0.05); and both tumor contact with the renal sinus and nodular enhancement were significantly associated with greater patient age (p < 0.05). In the non-clear cell RCC group, necrosis was associated with lower BMI for females (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

This study demonstrated significant associations between imaging features of RCC and patient age and BMI, hinting an influence of these factors on tumor biology and genomic make-up. These findings could aid future studies in selecting patients while investigating genomic, molecular and metabolic variables in RCC and might potentially impact on future stratification and therapy of patients.

Abstract

PURPOSE

To investigate associations between imaging features of tumors and age, gender and body mass index (BMI) in patients with renal cell carcinoma.

METHOD

This IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant study included 1348 patients with histopathologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma of the clear cell subtype (ccRCC, n = 904) or non-clear cell subtype (n = 444), who underwent pre-treatment CT imaging less than 180 days before nephrectomy between 1999 and 2011. Two radiologists independently, retrospectively analyzed all imaging studies and identified features (necrosis, renal vein invasion, contact with renal sinus fat, multicystic appearance and nodular enhancement), which were then correlated with patient age, gender and BMI at time of surgery.

RESULTS

Inter-reader agreement on imaging features ranged from substantial to excellent (kappa: 0.688 to 0.982). In the ccRCC group, multicystic tumor appearance was significantly associated with lower patient age (p < 0.05) and lower BMI (p < 0.05); the presence of renal vein invasion was significantly associated with lower BMI in males (p < 0.05); and both tumor contact with the renal sinus and nodular enhancement were significantly associated with greater patient age (p < 0.05). In the non-clear cell RCC group, necrosis was associated with lower BMI for females (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

This study demonstrated significant associations between imaging features of RCC and patient age and BMI, hinting an influence of these factors on tumor biology and genomic make-up. These findings could aid future studies in selecting patients while investigating genomic, molecular and metabolic variables in RCC and might potentially impact on future stratification and therapy of patients.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Language:English
Date:August 2020
Deposited On:17 Nov 2020 16:50
Last Modified:18 Nov 2020 21:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0720-048X
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2020.109096
PubMed ID:32559590

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