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Self-esteem and self-efficacy in the status attainment process and the multigenerational transmission of advantage


Burger, Kaspar; Mortimer, Jeylan; Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick (2020). Self-esteem and self-efficacy in the status attainment process and the multigenerational transmission of advantage. Social Science Research, 86:102374.

Abstract

Despite considerable evidence of the importance of self-esteem and self-efficacy for agentic, goal-oriented behavior, little attention has been directed to these psychological dimensions in the status attainment literature. The present research uses data from the longitudinal, three-generation Youth Development Study (N = 422 three- generation triads) to examine the extent to which adolescent self-esteem and economic self-efficacy affect adult educational and income attainment, and whether these psychological resources are transmitted from one generation to the next, accumulating advantage across generations. We present evidence indicating that both self-esteem and economic self-efficacy are implicated in the attainment process. Adolescent economic self-efficacy had a direct positive effect on adult educational attainment and an indirect effect through educational plans. The influence of self-esteem on adult educational attainment was entirely indirect, through school achievement. We also find evidence that economic self-efficacy was transmitted from parents to children. We conclude that future research should more broadly consider psychological resources in attainment processes from a longitudinal multigenerational perspective.

Abstract

Despite considerable evidence of the importance of self-esteem and self-efficacy for agentic, goal-oriented behavior, little attention has been directed to these psychological dimensions in the status attainment literature. The present research uses data from the longitudinal, three-generation Youth Development Study (N = 422 three- generation triads) to examine the extent to which adolescent self-esteem and economic self-efficacy affect adult educational and income attainment, and whether these psychological resources are transmitted from one generation to the next, accumulating advantage across generations. We present evidence indicating that both self-esteem and economic self-efficacy are implicated in the attainment process. Adolescent economic self-efficacy had a direct positive effect on adult educational attainment and an indirect effect through educational plans. The influence of self-esteem on adult educational attainment was entirely indirect, through school achievement. We also find evidence that economic self-efficacy was transmitted from parents to children. We conclude that future research should more broadly consider psychological resources in attainment processes from a longitudinal multigenerational perspective.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Sociology
06 Faculty of Arts > Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Education
Social Sciences & Humanities > Sociology and Political Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Self-appraisals, psychological resources, social psychology, adolescence, life course, three-generation study
Language:English
Date:1 February 2020
Deposited On:27 Nov 2020 13:42
Last Modified:01 Mar 2021 01:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0049-089X
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2019.102374
Project Information:
  • : FunderH2020
  • : Grant ID791804
  • : Project TitleDetEdIn - Micro-, Meso-, and Macro-Level Determinants of Educational Inequalities: An Interdisciplinary Approach

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