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Effect of crown-to-implant ratio on the marginal bone level changes and implant survival - A systematic review and meta-analysis


Padhye, Ninad Milind; Lakha, Tabrez; Naenni, Nadja; Kheur, Mohit (2020). Effect of crown-to-implant ratio on the marginal bone level changes and implant survival - A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research, 10(4):705-713.

Abstract

The purpose of the systematic review and meta-analysis was to analyze the existing evidence regarding the effect of crown-to-implant ratio (CIR) on the peri-implant crestal bone level change and implant survival. Randomized controlled clinical trials, prospective as well as retrospective studies with a minimum follow-up period of 12 months and 10 patients per group were included for this systematic review. Statistical analysis was performed to determine CIR effects on the peri-implant marginal bone level changes and implant survival. A total of 28 articles (14 prospective studies and 14 retrospective studies) from a database of 201 articles, with 2097 patients and 4350 implants, were included. A mean CIR ranging from 0.6 to 2.44 was presented by the study groups. A weighted mean implant loss of 0.19% per year and peri-implant marginal bone level change of 0.63 mm ± 0.55 over 46.8 ± 5.2 months was calculated from the included studies. The peri-implant marginal bone level change (p = 0.155) and the rate of implant loss (p = 0.245) showed a statistically insignificant difference between implant restorations of a high (>1.5:1) and low (<1.5:1) CIR. Within its limitations, this review concludes that a high (>1.5:1) or a low (<1.5:1) CIR does not significantly affect the peri-implant marginal bone level change and implant survival rate. However, until further evidence becomes available, extrapolation to long term clinical success cannot be ascertained.

Abstract

The purpose of the systematic review and meta-analysis was to analyze the existing evidence regarding the effect of crown-to-implant ratio (CIR) on the peri-implant crestal bone level change and implant survival. Randomized controlled clinical trials, prospective as well as retrospective studies with a minimum follow-up period of 12 months and 10 patients per group were included for this systematic review. Statistical analysis was performed to determine CIR effects on the peri-implant marginal bone level changes and implant survival. A total of 28 articles (14 prospective studies and 14 retrospective studies) from a database of 201 articles, with 2097 patients and 4350 implants, were included. A mean CIR ranging from 0.6 to 2.44 was presented by the study groups. A weighted mean implant loss of 0.19% per year and peri-implant marginal bone level change of 0.63 mm ± 0.55 over 46.8 ± 5.2 months was calculated from the included studies. The peri-implant marginal bone level change (p = 0.155) and the rate of implant loss (p = 0.245) showed a statistically insignificant difference between implant restorations of a high (>1.5:1) and low (<1.5:1) CIR. Within its limitations, this review concludes that a high (>1.5:1) or a low (<1.5:1) CIR does not significantly affect the peri-implant marginal bone level change and implant survival rate. However, until further evidence becomes available, extrapolation to long term clinical success cannot be ascertained.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Otorhinolaryngology
Health Sciences > General Dentistry
Language:English
Date:1 October 2020
Deposited On:20 Nov 2020 14:55
Last Modified:21 Nov 2020 21:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2212-4268
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobcr.2020.10.002
PubMed ID:33072508

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