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Preclinical evaluation of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate-based radioconjugates—new perspectives for folate receptor–targeted radionuclide therapy


Guzik, Patrycja; Benešová, Martina; Ratz, Magdalena; Monné Rodríguez, Josep M; Deberle, Luisa M; Schibli, Roger; Müller, Cristina (2020). Preclinical evaluation of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate-based radioconjugates—new perspectives for folate receptor–targeted radionuclide therapy. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Purpose: The folate receptor (FR) is frequently overexpressed in a variety of tumor types and, hence, an interesting target for radionuclide therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate a new class of albumin-binding radioconjugates comprising 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) as a targeting agent and to compare their properties with those of the previously established folic acid-based [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1.

Methods: [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 and [177Lu]Lu-6S-RedFol-1 were investigated in vitro using FR-positive KB tumor cells. Biodistribution studies were performed in KB tumor-bearing mice, and the areas under the curve (AUC0 → 120h) were determined for the uptake in tumors and kidneys. [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 was compared with [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1 in a therapy study over 8 weeks using KB tumor-bearing mice.

Results: Both radioconjugates demonstrated similar in vitro properties as [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1; however, the tumor uptake of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 and [177Lu]Lu-6S-RedFol-1 was significantly increased in comparison with [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1. In the case of [177Lu]Lu-6S-RedFol-1, also the kidney uptake was increased; however, renal retention of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 was similar to that of [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1. This led to an almost 4-fold increased tumor-to-kidney AUC0 → 120h ratio of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 as compared with [177Lu]Lu-6S-RedFol-1 and [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1. At equal activity, the therapeutic effect of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 was better than that of [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1, reflected by a slower tumor growth and, consequently, an increased median survival time (49 days vs. 34 days).

Conclusion: This study demonstrated the promising potential of 5-MTHF-based radioconjugates for FR-targeting. Application of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 resulted in unprecedentedly high tumor-to-kidney ratios and, as a consequence, a superior therapeutic effect as compared with [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1. These findings, together with the absence of early side effects, make [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 attractive in view of a future clinical translation.

Abstract

Purpose: The folate receptor (FR) is frequently overexpressed in a variety of tumor types and, hence, an interesting target for radionuclide therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate a new class of albumin-binding radioconjugates comprising 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) as a targeting agent and to compare their properties with those of the previously established folic acid-based [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1.

Methods: [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 and [177Lu]Lu-6S-RedFol-1 were investigated in vitro using FR-positive KB tumor cells. Biodistribution studies were performed in KB tumor-bearing mice, and the areas under the curve (AUC0 → 120h) were determined for the uptake in tumors and kidneys. [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 was compared with [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1 in a therapy study over 8 weeks using KB tumor-bearing mice.

Results: Both radioconjugates demonstrated similar in vitro properties as [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1; however, the tumor uptake of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 and [177Lu]Lu-6S-RedFol-1 was significantly increased in comparison with [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1. In the case of [177Lu]Lu-6S-RedFol-1, also the kidney uptake was increased; however, renal retention of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 was similar to that of [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1. This led to an almost 4-fold increased tumor-to-kidney AUC0 → 120h ratio of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 as compared with [177Lu]Lu-6S-RedFol-1 and [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1. At equal activity, the therapeutic effect of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 was better than that of [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1, reflected by a slower tumor growth and, consequently, an increased median survival time (49 days vs. 34 days).

Conclusion: This study demonstrated the promising potential of 5-MTHF-based radioconjugates for FR-targeting. Application of [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 resulted in unprecedentedly high tumor-to-kidney ratios and, as a consequence, a superior therapeutic effect as compared with [177Lu]Lu-OxFol-1. These findings, together with the absence of early side effects, make [177Lu]Lu-6R-RedFol-1 attractive in view of a future clinical translation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Uncontrolled Keywords:Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:15 October 2020
Deposited On:18 Dec 2020 14:59
Last Modified:23 Dec 2020 10:26
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1619-7070
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-020-04980-y
PubMed ID:33063250
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID310030_188978
  • : Project TitleInvestigation of a New Class of Folate-Based RadioImaging Agents and RadioTherapeutics
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID310030_156803
  • : Project TitleDevelopment of New Folate-Based RadioImaging Agents and RadioTherapeutics

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