Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Criminal recidivism and psychosocial adversity in offense-related subtypes of sexually abusive adolescents


Barra, Steffen; Mokros, Andreas; Landolt, Markus A; Bessler, Cornelia; Aebi, Marcel (2020). Criminal recidivism and psychosocial adversity in offense-related subtypes of sexually abusive adolescents. Journal of Sexual Aggression:Epub.

Abstract

Criminal behaviours vary significantly among juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs). Offense-related subtypes may differ in criminal persistence and inform clinical practice. In the present study, Latent Class Analysis empirically derived four distinct JSO subtypes based on 10 offense/victim characteristics in a comprehensive sample of 670 JSOs (M age = 14.49, SD age = 1.94): a severe peer/adult-offender subtype (22.4%), a child-offender subtype (30.1%), a touch-offender subtype (27.9%), and a verbal/online-offender subtype (19.6%). Cox regressions indicated that JSOs of the severe peer/adult-offender subtype were at increased risk of sexual and nonsexual criminal recidivism. JSOs of the severe peer/adult-offender subtype as well as the child victim subtype appeared highly burdened with behaviour/social problems and psychosocial adversity/adverse childhood experiences. Our findings show that the variety of offense characteristics, predispositions, and recidivism risks characterising JSOs deserve precise consideration to allow the implementation of effective, individually tailored treatment approaches aimed at reducing future crime.

Abstract

Criminal behaviours vary significantly among juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs). Offense-related subtypes may differ in criminal persistence and inform clinical practice. In the present study, Latent Class Analysis empirically derived four distinct JSO subtypes based on 10 offense/victim characteristics in a comprehensive sample of 670 JSOs (M age = 14.49, SD age = 1.94): a severe peer/adult-offender subtype (22.4%), a child-offender subtype (30.1%), a touch-offender subtype (27.9%), and a verbal/online-offender subtype (19.6%). Cox regressions indicated that JSOs of the severe peer/adult-offender subtype were at increased risk of sexual and nonsexual criminal recidivism. JSOs of the severe peer/adult-offender subtype as well as the child victim subtype appeared highly burdened with behaviour/social problems and psychosocial adversity/adverse childhood experiences. Our findings show that the variety of offense characteristics, predispositions, and recidivism risks characterising JSOs deserve precise consideration to allow the implementation of effective, individually tailored treatment approaches aimed at reducing future crime.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Behavioral Neuroscience
Language:English
Date:19 November 2020
Deposited On:23 Nov 2020 16:35
Last Modified:22 Jan 2021 12:35
Publisher:Routledge
ISSN:1742-6545
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/13552600.2020.1842922

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library