Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Top of Europe: the Finsteraarhorn–Jungfrau glacier landscape


Zumbühl, Heinz J; Nussbaumer, Samuel U; Wipf, Andreas (2021). Top of Europe: the Finsteraarhorn–Jungfrau glacier landscape. In: Reynard, Emmanuel. Landscapes and landforms of Switzerland. Cham (Schweiz): Springer, 217-233.

Abstract

The Finsteraarhorn, the highest peak in the Bernese Alps,and the Jungfrau, renowned for its cog railway thatattracts a high number of tourists each year, are togetherin the heart of a high mountain glacier landscape. TheUnteraar Glacier with an east-oriented and extensivelydebris-covered tongue has, since the eighteen/nineteenthcentury, been the cradle of glacier research (e.g. L. Agas-siz). In turn, Lower Grindelwald Glacier became histor-ically the best-documented Swiss valley glacier, thanks toits accessible, low-altitude ice-front position. A wealth ofhigh-quality depictions by top artists (e.g. C. Wolf and S.Birmann) have allowed the reconstruction of the Little IceAge (LIA) glacierfluctuations in a uniquely precise way.The Upper Lauterbrunnen Valley, dominated on bothsides by huge steep rock walls with a great number ofwaterfalls, hosts smaller glaciers and a collection ofmoraines in the valley bottom. Since the end of the LIA,all the glaciers have been melting back, with a dramaticincrease in recent years. The Lower Grindelwald Glacier,for instance, shows a reduction of the ice volume by 50 %since the end of the LIA. By the end of the twenty-firstcentury, the Finsteraarhorn–Jungfrau landscape will nolonger exist in the form it has been renowned for over thelast centuries.

Abstract

The Finsteraarhorn, the highest peak in the Bernese Alps,and the Jungfrau, renowned for its cog railway thatattracts a high number of tourists each year, are togetherin the heart of a high mountain glacier landscape. TheUnteraar Glacier with an east-oriented and extensivelydebris-covered tongue has, since the eighteen/nineteenthcentury, been the cradle of glacier research (e.g. L. Agas-siz). In turn, Lower Grindelwald Glacier became histor-ically the best-documented Swiss valley glacier, thanks toits accessible, low-altitude ice-front position. A wealth ofhigh-quality depictions by top artists (e.g. C. Wolf and S.Birmann) have allowed the reconstruction of the Little IceAge (LIA) glacierfluctuations in a uniquely precise way.The Upper Lauterbrunnen Valley, dominated on bothsides by huge steep rock walls with a great number ofwaterfalls, hosts smaller glaciers and a collection ofmoraines in the valley bottom. Since the end of the LIA,all the glaciers have been melting back, with a dramaticincrease in recent years. The Lower Grindelwald Glacier,for instance, shows a reduction of the ice volume by 50 %since the end of the LIA. By the end of the twenty-firstcentury, the Finsteraarhorn–Jungfrau landscape will nolonger exist in the form it has been renowned for over thelast centuries.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 25 Nov 2020
1 download since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Geology
Physical Sciences > Earth-Surface Processes
Language:English
Date:1 January 2021
Deposited On:25 Nov 2020 08:48
Last Modified:26 Nov 2020 21:00
Publisher:Springer
Series Name:World Geomorphological Landscapes
ISSN:2213-2104
ISBN:978-3-030-43201-0
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-43203-4_15

Download

Closed Access: Download allowed only for UZH members

Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 867kB
View at publisher
Get full-text in a library