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SAA (Serum Amyloid A): A Novel Predictor of Stroke-Associated Infections


Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

The aim of this study was to evaluate and independently validate SAA (serum amyloid A)-a recently discovered blood biomarker-to predict poststroke infections.

METHODS

The derivation cohort (A) was composed of 283 acute ischemic stroke patients and the independent validation cohort (B), of 367 patients. The primary outcome measure was any stroke-associated infection, defined by the criteria of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, occurring during hospitalization. To determine the association of SAA levels on admission with the development of infections, logistic regression models were calculated. The discriminatory ability of SAA was assessed, by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve.

RESULTS

After adjusting for all predictors that were significantly associated with any infection in the univariate analysis, SAA remained an independent predictor in study A (adjusted odds ratio, 1.44 [95% CI, 1.16-1.79]; P=0.001) and in study B (adjusted odds ratio, 1.52 [1.05-2.22]; P=0.028). Adding SAA to the best regression model without the biomarker, the discriminatory accuracy improved from 0.76 (0.69-0.83) to 0.79 (0.72-0.86; P<0.001; likelihood ratio test) in study A. These results were externally validated in study B with an improvement in the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, from 0.75 (0.70-0.81) to 0.76 (0.71-0.82; P<0.038).

CONCLUSIONS

Among patients with ischemic stroke, blood SAA measured on admission is a novel independent predictor of infection after stroke. SAA improved the discrimination between patients who developed an infection compared with those who did not in both derivation and validation cohorts. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00390962.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

The aim of this study was to evaluate and independently validate SAA (serum amyloid A)-a recently discovered blood biomarker-to predict poststroke infections.

METHODS

The derivation cohort (A) was composed of 283 acute ischemic stroke patients and the independent validation cohort (B), of 367 patients. The primary outcome measure was any stroke-associated infection, defined by the criteria of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, occurring during hospitalization. To determine the association of SAA levels on admission with the development of infections, logistic regression models were calculated. The discriminatory ability of SAA was assessed, by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve.

RESULTS

After adjusting for all predictors that were significantly associated with any infection in the univariate analysis, SAA remained an independent predictor in study A (adjusted odds ratio, 1.44 [95% CI, 1.16-1.79]; P=0.001) and in study B (adjusted odds ratio, 1.52 [1.05-2.22]; P=0.028). Adding SAA to the best regression model without the biomarker, the discriminatory accuracy improved from 0.76 (0.69-0.83) to 0.79 (0.72-0.86; P<0.001; likelihood ratio test) in study A. These results were externally validated in study B with an improvement in the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, from 0.75 (0.70-0.81) to 0.76 (0.71-0.82; P<0.038).

CONCLUSIONS

Among patients with ischemic stroke, blood SAA measured on admission is a novel independent predictor of infection after stroke. SAA improved the discrimination between patients who developed an infection compared with those who did not in both derivation and validation cohorts. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00390962.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Health Sciences > Advanced and Specialized Nursing
Language:English
Date:December 2020
Deposited On:08 Jan 2021 17:01
Last Modified:27 Jan 2022 03:24
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0039-2499
Additional Information:The accepted version is an un-copyedited author manuscript that was accepted for publication in (STROKE, copyright The American Heart Association. This may not be duplicated or reproduced, other than for personal use or within the Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials (section 107, title 17, U.S. Code) without prior permission of the copyright owner, The American Heart Association. The final copyedited article, which is the version of record, can be found at 10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.030064. The American Heart Association disclaims any responsibility or liability for errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or in any version derived from it by the National Institutes of Health or other parties.
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.030064
PubMed ID:33161846

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