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Scalp Topography of Lower Urinary Tract Sensory Evoked Potentials


van der Lely, Stéphanie; Kessler, Thomas M; Mehnert, Ulrich; Liechti, Martina D (2020). Scalp Topography of Lower Urinary Tract Sensory Evoked Potentials. Brain Topography, 33(6):693-709.

Abstract

Impaired lower urinary tract (LUT) afferents often cause LUT symptoms. Assessment of LUT afferent pathways is possible using bipolar cortical sensory evoked potential (SEP) recordings with the active electrode at the vertex during electrical stimulation in the LUT. This study aimed to investigate the topographical distribution and microstates of lower urinary tract sensory evoked potentials (LUTSEPs) using different stimulation frequencies. Ninety healthy subjects (18-36 years old, 40 women) were randomly assigned to one of five stimulation locations [bladder dome; trigone; proximal, membranous (men only) or distal urethra]. Cycles of 0.5 Hz/1.1 Hz/1.6 Hz electrical stimulation were applied using a custom-made catheter. Cortical activity was recorded from 64 surface electrodes. Marker setting was performed manually on an individual subject-level for the P1, N1, and P2 components of vertex recordings. N1 and P2 topographies presented with central negativities and positivities around the vertex. Regarding topographical distribution, Randomization Graphical User interface (RAGU) analyses revealed consistent frequency effects and microstates for N1/P2. Higher stimulation frequencies resulted in decreasing map strength for P1, N1, and P2. LUTSEP topographies suggest central generators in the somatosensory cortex, which are not detectable in a bipolar set-up. The observed frequency effect indicates fiber refractoriness at higher frequencies. The multichannel approach allows more comprehensive assessment of LUTSEPs and might therefore be sensitive to pathological changes. Examinations in patients with LUT symptoms are needed to further investigate this biomarker.

Abstract

Impaired lower urinary tract (LUT) afferents often cause LUT symptoms. Assessment of LUT afferent pathways is possible using bipolar cortical sensory evoked potential (SEP) recordings with the active electrode at the vertex during electrical stimulation in the LUT. This study aimed to investigate the topographical distribution and microstates of lower urinary tract sensory evoked potentials (LUTSEPs) using different stimulation frequencies. Ninety healthy subjects (18-36 years old, 40 women) were randomly assigned to one of five stimulation locations [bladder dome; trigone; proximal, membranous (men only) or distal urethra]. Cycles of 0.5 Hz/1.1 Hz/1.6 Hz electrical stimulation were applied using a custom-made catheter. Cortical activity was recorded from 64 surface electrodes. Marker setting was performed manually on an individual subject-level for the P1, N1, and P2 components of vertex recordings. N1 and P2 topographies presented with central negativities and positivities around the vertex. Regarding topographical distribution, Randomization Graphical User interface (RAGU) analyses revealed consistent frequency effects and microstates for N1/P2. Higher stimulation frequencies resulted in decreasing map strength for P1, N1, and P2. LUTSEP topographies suggest central generators in the somatosensory cortex, which are not detectable in a bipolar set-up. The observed frequency effect indicates fiber refractoriness at higher frequencies. The multichannel approach allows more comprehensive assessment of LUTSEPs and might therefore be sensitive to pathological changes. Examinations in patients with LUT symptoms are needed to further investigate this biomarker.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Anatomy
Health Sciences > Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Life Sciences > Neurology
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Language:English
Date:November 2020
Deposited On:15 Dec 2020 14:40
Last Modified:01 Jan 2021 21:05
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0896-0267
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10548-020-00796-z
PubMed ID:33067692

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