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The long-run effects of cesarean sections


Costa-Ramon, Ana; Kortelainen, Mika; Rodríguez-González, Ana; Sääksvuori, Lauri (2022). The long-run effects of cesarean sections. Journal of Human Resources, 57(6):2048-2085.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the long-term effects of potentially avoidable cesarean sections on children’s health. Using Finnish administrative data, we document that physicians perform more unplanned C-sections during their regular working hours on days that precede a weekend or public holiday and use this exogenous variation as an instrument for C-sections. We supplement our instrumental variables results with a differences-in-differences estimation strategy that exploits variation in birth mode within sibling pairs and across families. Our results suggest that avoidable unplanned C-sections increase the risk of asthma, but do not affect other immune-mediated disorders previously associated with C-sections.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the long-term effects of potentially avoidable cesarean sections on children’s health. Using Finnish administrative data, we document that physicians perform more unplanned C-sections during their regular working hours on days that precede a weekend or public holiday and use this exogenous variation as an instrument for C-sections. We supplement our instrumental variables results with a differences-in-differences estimation strategy that exploits variation in birth mode within sibling pairs and across families. Our results suggest that avoidable unplanned C-sections increase the risk of asthma, but do not affect other immune-mediated disorders previously associated with C-sections.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
06 Faculty of Arts > Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Management of technology and innovation, strategy and management, economics and econometrics, organizational behavior and human resource management
Scope:Discipline-based scholarship (basic research)
Language:English
Date:1 November 2022
Deposited On:08 Jan 2021 14:09
Last Modified:24 May 2024 01:44
Publisher:University of Wisconsin Press * Journal Division
ISSN:0022-166X
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3368/jhr.58.2.0719-10334R1
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:20450
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)