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Energy dependent morphology of the pulsar wind nebula HESS J1825-137 with Fermi-LAT


Principe, G; Mitchell, A M W; Caroff, S; Hinton, J A; Parsons, R D; Funk, S (2020). Energy dependent morphology of the pulsar wind nebula HESS J1825-137 with Fermi-LAT. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 640:A76.

Abstract

Aims. Taking advantage of more than 11 years of Fermi-LAT data, we perform a new and deep analysis of the pulsar wind nebula (PWN) HESS J1825-137. Combining this analysis with recent H.E.S.S. results we investigate and constrain the particle transport mechanisms at work inside the source as well as the system evolution.

Methods. The PWN is studied using 11.6 years of Fermi-LAT data between 1 GeV and 1 TeV. In particular, we present the results of the spectral analysis and the first energy-resolved morphological study of the PWN HESS J1825-137 at GeV energies, which provide new insights into the γ-ray characteristics of the nebula.

Results. An optimised analysis of the source returns an extended emission region larger than 2°, corresponding to an intrinsic size of about 150 pc, making HESS J1825-137 the most extended γ-ray PWN currently known. The nebula presents a strong energy dependent morphology within the GeV range, moving from a radius of ∼1.4° below 10 GeV to a radius of ∼0.8° above 100 GeV, with a shift in the centroid location.

Conclusions. Thanks to the large extension and peculiar energy-dependent morphology, it is possible to constrain the particle transport mechanisms inside the PWN HESS J1825-137. Using the variation of the source extension and position, as well as the constraints on the particle transport mechanisms, we present a scheme for the possible evolution of the system. Finally, we provide an estimate of the electron energy density and we discuss its nature in the PWN and TeV halo-like scenario.

Abstract

Aims. Taking advantage of more than 11 years of Fermi-LAT data, we perform a new and deep analysis of the pulsar wind nebula (PWN) HESS J1825-137. Combining this analysis with recent H.E.S.S. results we investigate and constrain the particle transport mechanisms at work inside the source as well as the system evolution.

Methods. The PWN is studied using 11.6 years of Fermi-LAT data between 1 GeV and 1 TeV. In particular, we present the results of the spectral analysis and the first energy-resolved morphological study of the PWN HESS J1825-137 at GeV energies, which provide new insights into the γ-ray characteristics of the nebula.

Results. An optimised analysis of the source returns an extended emission region larger than 2°, corresponding to an intrinsic size of about 150 pc, making HESS J1825-137 the most extended γ-ray PWN currently known. The nebula presents a strong energy dependent morphology within the GeV range, moving from a radius of ∼1.4° below 10 GeV to a radius of ∼0.8° above 100 GeV, with a shift in the centroid location.

Conclusions. Thanks to the large extension and peculiar energy-dependent morphology, it is possible to constrain the particle transport mechanisms inside the PWN HESS J1825-137. Using the variation of the source extension and position, as well as the constraints on the particle transport mechanisms, we present a scheme for the possible evolution of the system. Finally, we provide an estimate of the electron energy density and we discuss its nature in the PWN and TeV halo-like scenario.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Astronomy and Astrophysics
Physical Sciences > Space and Planetary Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Space and Planetary Science, Astronomy and Astrophysics
Language:English
Date:1 August 2020
Deposited On:17 Dec 2020 13:08
Last Modified:24 Jun 2024 01:40
Publisher:EDP Sciences
ISSN:0004-6361
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202038375
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)