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Serum metabolites as biomarkers in systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease


Meier, C; Freiburghaus, K; Bovet, C; Schniering, J; Allanore, Y; Distler, O; Nakas, C; Maurer, B (2020). Serum metabolites as biomarkers in systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease. Scientific Reports, 10(1):21912.

Abstract

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a severe multi-organ disease with interstitial lung disease (ILD) being the major cause of death. While targeted therapies are emerging, biomarkers for sub-stratifying patients based on individual profiles are lacking. Herein, we investigated how levels of serum metabolites correlated with different stages of SSc and SSc-ILD. Serum samples of patients with SSc without ILD, stable and progressive SSc-ILD as well as of healthy controls (HC) were analysed using liquid targeted tandem mass spectrometry. The best discriminating profile consisted of 4 amino acids (AA) and 3 purine metabolites. L-tyrosine, L-tryptophan, and 1-methyl-adenosine distinguished HC from SSc patients. L-leucine, L-isoleucine, xanthosine, and adenosine monophosphate differentiated between progressing and stable SSc-ILD. In SSc-ILD, both, L-leucine and xanthosine negatively correlated with changes in FVC% predicted. Additionally, xanthosine was negatively correlated with changes in DLco% predicted and positively with the prognostic GAP index. Validation of L-leucine and L-isoleucine by an enzymatic assay confirmed both the sub-stratification of SSc-ILD patients and correlation with lung function and prognosis score. Serum metabolites may have potential as biomarkers for discriminating SSc patients based on the presence and severity of ILD. Confirmation in larger cohorts will be needed to appreciate their value for routine clinical care.

Abstract

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a severe multi-organ disease with interstitial lung disease (ILD) being the major cause of death. While targeted therapies are emerging, biomarkers for sub-stratifying patients based on individual profiles are lacking. Herein, we investigated how levels of serum metabolites correlated with different stages of SSc and SSc-ILD. Serum samples of patients with SSc without ILD, stable and progressive SSc-ILD as well as of healthy controls (HC) were analysed using liquid targeted tandem mass spectrometry. The best discriminating profile consisted of 4 amino acids (AA) and 3 purine metabolites. L-tyrosine, L-tryptophan, and 1-methyl-adenosine distinguished HC from SSc patients. L-leucine, L-isoleucine, xanthosine, and adenosine monophosphate differentiated between progressing and stable SSc-ILD. In SSc-ILD, both, L-leucine and xanthosine negatively correlated with changes in FVC% predicted. Additionally, xanthosine was negatively correlated with changes in DLco% predicted and positively with the prognostic GAP index. Validation of L-leucine and L-isoleucine by an enzymatic assay confirmed both the sub-stratification of SSc-ILD patients and correlation with lung function and prognosis score. Serum metabolites may have potential as biomarkers for discriminating SSc patients based on the presence and severity of ILD. Confirmation in larger cohorts will be needed to appreciate their value for routine clinical care.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:14 December 2020
Deposited On:06 Jan 2021 08:20
Last Modified:01 Feb 2021 16:17
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-78951-6
PubMed ID:33318574

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