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No Evidence for [C ii] Halos or High-velocity Outflows in z gsim 6 Quasar Host Galaxies


Novak, Mladen; Venemans, Bram P; Walter, Fabian; Neeleman, Marcel; Kaasinen, Melanie; Liang, Lichen; Feldmann, Robert; Bañados, Eduardo; Carilli, Chris; Decarli, Roberto; Drake, Alyssa B; Fan, Xiaohui; Farina, Emanuele P; Mazzucchelli, Chiara; Rix, Hans-Walter; Wang, Ran (2020). No Evidence for [C ii] Halos or High-velocity Outflows in z gsim 6 Quasar Host Galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal, 904(2):131.

Abstract

We study the interstellar medium in a sample of 27 high-redshift quasar host galaxies at z gsim 6, using the [C ii] 158 μm emission line and the underlying dust continuum observed at ~1 kpc resolution with Atacama Large Millimeter Array. By performing uv-plane spectral stacking of both the high and low spatial resolution data, we investigate the spatial and velocity extent of gas and the size of the dust-emitting regions. We find that the average surface brightness profile of both the [C ii] and the dust continuum emission can be described by a steep component within a radius of 2 kpc and a shallower component with a scale length of 2 kpc, detected up to ~10 kpc. The surface brightness of the extended emission drops below ~1% of the peak at radius of ~5 kpc, beyond which it constitutes 10%–20% of the total measured flux density. Although the central component of the dust continuum emission is more compact than that of the [C ii] emission, the extended components have equivalent profiles. The observed extended components are consistent with those predicted by hydrodynamical simulations of galaxies with similar infrared luminosities, where the dust emission is powered by star formation. The [C ii] spectrum measured in the mean uv-plane stacked data can be described by a single Gaussian, with no observable [C ii] broad-line emission (velocities in excess of gsim500 km s−1), which would be indicative of outflows. Our findings suggest that we are probing the interstellar medium and associated star formation in the quasar host galaxies up to radii of 10 kpc, whereas we find no evidence for halos or outflows.

Abstract

We study the interstellar medium in a sample of 27 high-redshift quasar host galaxies at z gsim 6, using the [C ii] 158 μm emission line and the underlying dust continuum observed at ~1 kpc resolution with Atacama Large Millimeter Array. By performing uv-plane spectral stacking of both the high and low spatial resolution data, we investigate the spatial and velocity extent of gas and the size of the dust-emitting regions. We find that the average surface brightness profile of both the [C ii] and the dust continuum emission can be described by a steep component within a radius of 2 kpc and a shallower component with a scale length of 2 kpc, detected up to ~10 kpc. The surface brightness of the extended emission drops below ~1% of the peak at radius of ~5 kpc, beyond which it constitutes 10%–20% of the total measured flux density. Although the central component of the dust continuum emission is more compact than that of the [C ii] emission, the extended components have equivalent profiles. The observed extended components are consistent with those predicted by hydrodynamical simulations of galaxies with similar infrared luminosities, where the dust emission is powered by star formation. The [C ii] spectrum measured in the mean uv-plane stacked data can be described by a single Gaussian, with no observable [C ii] broad-line emission (velocities in excess of gsim500 km s−1), which would be indicative of outflows. Our findings suggest that we are probing the interstellar medium and associated star formation in the quasar host galaxies up to radii of 10 kpc, whereas we find no evidence for halos or outflows.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute for Computational Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Astronomy and Astrophysics
Physical Sciences > Space and Planetary Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Space and Planetary Science, Astronomy and Astrophysics
Language:English
Date:27 November 2020
Deposited On:15 Feb 2021 07:15
Last Modified:16 Feb 2021 21:00
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN:1538-4357
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/abc33f
Project Information:
  • : FunderH2020
  • : Grant ID740246
  • : Project TitleCosmic_Gas - Mapping the Cosmic Gas Supply with ALMA

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