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Fe65 is the sole member of its family that mediates transcription regulated by the amyloid precursor protein


Probst, Sabine; Krüger, Maik; Kägi, Larissa; Thöni, Sarina; Schuppli, Daniel; Nitsch, Roger M; Konietzko, Uwe (2020). Fe65 is the sole member of its family that mediates transcription regulated by the amyloid precursor protein. Journal of Cell Science, 133(17):jcs242917.

Abstract

The amyloid precursor protein (APP), a central molecule in Alzheimer's disease (AD), has physiological roles in cell adhesion and signaling, migration, neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis. Intracellular adapter proteins mediate the function of transmembrane proteins. Fe65 (also known as APBB1) is a major APP-binding protein. Regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) by γ-secretase releases the APP intracellular domain (AICD), together with the interacting proteins, from the membrane. We studied the impact of the Fe65 family (Fe65, and its homologs Fe65L1 and Fe65L2, also known as APBB2 and APBB3, respectively) on the nuclear signaling function of the AICD. All Fe65 family members increased amyloidogenic processing of APP, generating higher levels of β-cleaved APP stubs and AICD. However, Fe65 was the only family member supporting AICD translocation to nuclear spots and its transcriptional activity. Using a recently established transcription assay, we dissected the transcriptional activity of Fe65 and provide strong evidence that Fe65 represents a transcription factor. We show that Fe65 relies on the lysine acetyltransferase Tip60 (also known as KAT5) for nuclear translocation. Furthermore, inhibition of APP cleavage reduces nuclear Tip60 levels, but this does not occur in Fe65-knockout cells. The rate of APP cleavage therefore regulates the nuclear translocation of AICD-Fe65-Tip60 (AFT) complexes, to promote transcription by Fe65.

Abstract

The amyloid precursor protein (APP), a central molecule in Alzheimer's disease (AD), has physiological roles in cell adhesion and signaling, migration, neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis. Intracellular adapter proteins mediate the function of transmembrane proteins. Fe65 (also known as APBB1) is a major APP-binding protein. Regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) by γ-secretase releases the APP intracellular domain (AICD), together with the interacting proteins, from the membrane. We studied the impact of the Fe65 family (Fe65, and its homologs Fe65L1 and Fe65L2, also known as APBB2 and APBB3, respectively) on the nuclear signaling function of the AICD. All Fe65 family members increased amyloidogenic processing of APP, generating higher levels of β-cleaved APP stubs and AICD. However, Fe65 was the only family member supporting AICD translocation to nuclear spots and its transcriptional activity. Using a recently established transcription assay, we dissected the transcriptional activity of Fe65 and provide strong evidence that Fe65 represents a transcription factor. We show that Fe65 relies on the lysine acetyltransferase Tip60 (also known as KAT5) for nuclear translocation. Furthermore, inhibition of APP cleavage reduces nuclear Tip60 levels, but this does not occur in Fe65-knockout cells. The rate of APP cleavage therefore regulates the nuclear translocation of AICD-Fe65-Tip60 (AFT) complexes, to promote transcription by Fe65.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Cell Biology
Language:English
Date:8 September 2020
Deposited On:08 Jan 2021 16:29
Last Modified:09 Jan 2021 21:01
Publisher:The Company of Biologists
ISSN:0021-9533
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.242917
PubMed ID:32843577

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