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Frontal cerebral oxygenation asymmetry: intersubject variability and dependence on systemic physiology, season, and time of day


Zohdi, Hamoon; Scholkmann, Felix; Wolf, Ursula (2020). Frontal cerebral oxygenation asymmetry: intersubject variability and dependence on systemic physiology, season, and time of day. Neurophotonics, 7(2):025006.

Abstract

Significance: Our study reveals that frontal cerebral oxygenation asymmetry (FCOA), i.e. a difference in the oxygenation between the right and left prefrontal cortex (PFC), is a real phenomenon in healthy human subjects at rest. Aim: To investigate FCOA, we performed a study with 134 healthy right-handed subjects with the systemic physiology augmented functional near infrared spectroscopy (SPA-fNIRS) approach. Approach: Subjects were measured 2 to 4 times on different days resulting in an unprecedented number of 518 single measurements of the absolute values of tissue oxygen saturation ( StO2 ) and total hemoglobin concentration ([tHb]) of the right and left PFC. Measurements were performed with frequency-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy. In addition, the cardiorespiratory parameters were measured simultaneously. Results: We found that (i) subjects showed an FCOA (higher StO2 on the right PFC), but not for tHb; (ii) intrasubject variability was excellent for both StO2 and tHb, and fair for FCOA; (iii) StO2 correlated significantly with blood CO2 concentration, [tHb] with heart rate, respiration rate (RR), and the pulse-respiration quotient (PRQ), and FCOA with RR and PRQ; (iv) FCOA and StO2 were dependent on season and time of day, respectively; (v) FCOA was negatively correlated with the room temperature; and (vi) StO2 and tHb were not correlated with the subjects mood but with their chronotype, whereas FCOA was not dependent on the chronotype. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that FCOA is real, and it provides unique insights into this remarkable phenomenon.

Abstract

Significance: Our study reveals that frontal cerebral oxygenation asymmetry (FCOA), i.e. a difference in the oxygenation between the right and left prefrontal cortex (PFC), is a real phenomenon in healthy human subjects at rest. Aim: To investigate FCOA, we performed a study with 134 healthy right-handed subjects with the systemic physiology augmented functional near infrared spectroscopy (SPA-fNIRS) approach. Approach: Subjects were measured 2 to 4 times on different days resulting in an unprecedented number of 518 single measurements of the absolute values of tissue oxygen saturation ( StO2 ) and total hemoglobin concentration ([tHb]) of the right and left PFC. Measurements were performed with frequency-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy. In addition, the cardiorespiratory parameters were measured simultaneously. Results: We found that (i) subjects showed an FCOA (higher StO2 on the right PFC), but not for tHb; (ii) intrasubject variability was excellent for both StO2 and tHb, and fair for FCOA; (iii) StO2 correlated significantly with blood CO2 concentration, [tHb] with heart rate, respiration rate (RR), and the pulse-respiration quotient (PRQ), and FCOA with RR and PRQ; (iv) FCOA and StO2 were dependent on season and time of day, respectively; (v) FCOA was negatively correlated with the room temperature; and (vi) StO2 and tHb were not correlated with the subjects mood but with their chronotype, whereas FCOA was not dependent on the chronotype. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that FCOA is real, and it provides unique insights into this remarkable phenomenon.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neonatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
Health Sciences > Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Uncontrolled Keywords:Radiological and Ultrasound Technology, Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging, Neuroscience (miscellaneous), functional near-infrared spectroscopy; prefrontal cortex; right–left asymmetry; systemic physiology; tissue oxygenation
Language:English
Date:23 June 2020
Deposited On:12 Jan 2021 17:21
Last Modified:01 Feb 2021 16:20
Publisher:SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN:2329-423X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1117/1.nph.7.2.025006
PubMed ID:32607390

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