OBJECTIVES: Given the similarities between coronary ostia and renal arteries, chimney grafts (CG) for kidney perfusion during abdominal endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) can be considered for coronary perfusion in future transcatheter aortic root repair (TARR) techniques. We analysed the results of renal CG and compared anatomic and technical details with root and coronary anthropometric data.
METHODS: Current status of kidney perfusion with CG was reviewed from literature. Anatomic details, technical data, CG performance and clinical outcome were collected and analysed. Anatomic details of aortic landing zone and renal arteries were compared with human anthropometric data of aortic root, ascending aorta and coronary ostia.
RESULTS: Seventeen articles reported 430 patients (mean age:74.5 ± 2.9 years) treated with renal CG. Mean length and diameter of proximal landing zone were 2.0 ± 2.0 mm and 26.4 ± 4.3 mm, respectively (anthropometric correspondence: ascending aorta diameter of 29.3 mm). Aortic endograft mean diameter was 26.4 ± 7.3 mm with reported oversize of 19.5 ± 6.0%. In total, 590 renal arteries were treated (left:325; right:265; bilateral:139 cases). Mean left and right renal artery diameters were 5.7 ± 0.6 mm and 5.8 ± 0.7 mm, respectively (anthropometric correspondence: coronary ostia diameters of 4.8 mm (left) and 3.7 mm (right)) with reported CG oversize of 19.75 ± 6% (left) and 18.1 ± 5.1% (right). Mean follow-up time was 16.5 ± 8.5 months, CG occlusion rate was 3.2% and endoleak I or II was reported in 83 patients (19.3%), requiring 7 procedures.
CONCLUSIONS: CG provides satisfactory results in patients with suitable renal artery diameter. Based on aortic root and coronary anthropometric data, CG can be considered in future TARR technologies for coronary perfusion but further tests for flow evaluations are mandatory.