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‘My children are small and my husband works far from home’: Juggling land and labour in a Vietnamese village


Nguyen, Tuan Anh; Rigg, Jonathan; Derks, Annuska (2020). ‘My children are small and my husband works far from home’: Juggling land and labour in a Vietnamese village. South East Asia Research, 28(3):248-266.

Abstract

This paper explores the links between migration and changes in household agricultural production in Vietnam during the reform period (1986–2012) through a case study of Quỳnh Đôi village, Nghệ An Province. Since reforms were first introduced, many villagers have left Quỳnh Đôi to work in cities, industrial zones or to find employment abroad. The migration process has transformed labour structures and supply, leading to changes in household agricultural production across two dimensions. First, renting or exchanging agricultural land has become common between households in Quỳnh Đôi, and between Quỳnh Đôi villagers and a neighbouring commune. This renting/exchanging of agricultural land has helped redistribute land among households that would otherwise be rich in land and poor in labour, or vice versa. These transactions have not been purely market-based but carried out mainly through verbal agreements dependent on networks of social capital and trust. Second, because many farm labourers have migrated, households require additional human labour for agricultural production. Facing this situation, various forms of labour exchange have emerged. Migration has, therefore, become an important generator of change in farming.

Abstract

This paper explores the links between migration and changes in household agricultural production in Vietnam during the reform period (1986–2012) through a case study of Quỳnh Đôi village, Nghệ An Province. Since reforms were first introduced, many villagers have left Quỳnh Đôi to work in cities, industrial zones or to find employment abroad. The migration process has transformed labour structures and supply, leading to changes in household agricultural production across two dimensions. First, renting or exchanging agricultural land has become common between households in Quỳnh Đôi, and between Quỳnh Đôi villagers and a neighbouring commune. This renting/exchanging of agricultural land has helped redistribute land among households that would otherwise be rich in land and poor in labour, or vice versa. These transactions have not been purely market-based but carried out mainly through verbal agreements dependent on networks of social capital and trust. Second, because many farm labourers have migrated, households require additional human labour for agricultural production. Facing this situation, various forms of labour exchange have emerged. Migration has, therefore, become an important generator of change in farming.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Social Anthropology and Cultural Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
390 Customs, etiquette & folklore
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Geography, Planning and Development
Social Sciences & Humanities > Development
Social Sciences & Humanities > Political Science and International Relations
Uncontrolled Keywords:Political Science and International Relations, Geography, Planning and Development, Development, Migration
Language:English
Date:2 July 2020
Deposited On:07 Jan 2021 10:38
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 01:49
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0967-828X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/0967828x.2020.1817774
Related URLs:https://swisscovery.slsp.ch/permalink/41SLSP_UZB/1t2kdiu/cdi_informaworld_taylorfrancis_310_1080_0967828X_2020_1817774 (Library Catalogue)