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High-quality hexagonal boron nitride from 2D distillation


Cun, Huanyao; Miao, Zichun; Hemmi, Adrian; Al-Hamdani, Yasmine; Iannuzzi, Marcella; Osterwalder, Jürg; Altman, Michael S; Greber, Thomas (2021). High-quality hexagonal boron nitride from 2D distillation. ACS Nano, 15(1):1351-1357.

Abstract

The production of high-quality two-dimensional (2D) materials is essential for the ultimate performance of single layers and their hybrids. Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) is foreseen to become the key 2D hybrid and packaging material since it is insulating, impermeable, flat, transparent, and chemically inert, though it is difficult to attain in ultimate quality. Here, a scheme is reported for producing single layer h-BN that shows higher quality in view of mosaicity and strain variations than material from chemical vapor deposition (CVD). We delaminate CVD h-BN from Rh(111) and transfer it to a clean metal surface. The twisting angle between BN and the second substrate yields metastable moiré structures. Annealing above 1000 K leads to 2D distillation, i.e., catalyst-assisted BN sublimation from the edges of the transferred layer and subsequent condensation into superior quality h-BN. This provides a way for 2D material production remote from CVD instrumentation.

Abstract

The production of high-quality two-dimensional (2D) materials is essential for the ultimate performance of single layers and their hybrids. Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) is foreseen to become the key 2D hybrid and packaging material since it is insulating, impermeable, flat, transparent, and chemically inert, though it is difficult to attain in ultimate quality. Here, a scheme is reported for producing single layer h-BN that shows higher quality in view of mosaicity and strain variations than material from chemical vapor deposition (CVD). We delaminate CVD h-BN from Rh(111) and transfer it to a clean metal surface. The twisting angle between BN and the second substrate yields metastable moiré structures. Annealing above 1000 K leads to 2D distillation, i.e., catalyst-assisted BN sublimation from the edges of the transferred layer and subsequent condensation into superior quality h-BN. This provides a way for 2D material production remote from CVD instrumentation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:26 January 2021
Deposited On:13 Jan 2021 16:00
Last Modified:27 Jan 2021 02:10
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:1936-0851
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.0c08616

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