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Esophagitis in cats and dogs


Kook, Peter H (2021). Esophagitis in cats and dogs. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 51(1):1-15.

Abstract

Esophagitis denotes a localized or diffuse inflammation of the esophageal mucosa. It is generally thought to result from a caustic or chemical (ie, gastric acid, bile acids) injury. In humans, the most frequent mechanism causing esophagitis is gastroesophageal reflux (GER) leading to GER disease (GERD). GERD is thought to result from lower esophageal sphincter (LES) incompetence. In small animal medicine, GERD secondary to a primary functional LES abnormality is poorly understood, most probably because diagnosing GERD based on a detailed questionnaire on perceived symptoms, as it is done in human medicine, is not applicable. The situation becomes even more complicated when considering that the nonerosive form of GERD (ie,absence of visible lesions on esophagoscopy and the presence of reflux-associated
symptoms) comprises the majo rity of patients in human medicine.

Abstract

Esophagitis denotes a localized or diffuse inflammation of the esophageal mucosa. It is generally thought to result from a caustic or chemical (ie, gastric acid, bile acids) injury. In humans, the most frequent mechanism causing esophagitis is gastroesophageal reflux (GER) leading to GER disease (GERD). GERD is thought to result from lower esophageal sphincter (LES) incompetence. In small animal medicine, GERD secondary to a primary functional LES abnormality is poorly understood, most probably because diagnosing GERD based on a detailed questionnaire on perceived symptoms, as it is done in human medicine, is not applicable. The situation becomes even more complicated when considering that the nonerosive form of GERD (ie,absence of visible lesions on esophagoscopy and the presence of reflux-associated
symptoms) comprises the majo rity of patients in human medicine.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Small Animals
Uncontrolled Keywords:Small Animals, Biopsy; Cat; Dog; Esophageal; Esophagitis; Gastroesophageal; Reflux
Language:English
Date:1 January 2021
Deposited On:18 Jan 2021 15:30
Last Modified:19 Jan 2021 21:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0195-5616
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2020.08.003

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