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Effect of high glucose levels and lipopolysaccharides‐induced inflammation on osteoblast mineralization over sandblasted/acid‐etched titanium surface


Ramenzoni, Liza L; Bösch, Adrian; Proksch, Susanne; Attin, Thomas; Schmidlin, Patrick R (2020). Effect of high glucose levels and lipopolysaccharides‐induced inflammation on osteoblast mineralization over sandblasted/acid‐etched titanium surface. Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 22(2):213-219.

Abstract

Background and Purpose

Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus has been related to higher risk of implant treatment complications due to increased susceptibility to infection and delayed wound healing. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulate cytokine production leading to chronic inflammation and immunological host response that accentuates the destruction of periodontal tissues. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different glycemic conditions on secretion and mineralization of bone matrix under sterile inflammation induced by LPS on osteoblasts seeded over sandblasted/acid‐etched (SLA) titanium surface.
Materials and Methods

Osteoblast cell viability was performed to determine the influence of different glucose concentrations (5.5, 8, 12, and 24 mM), which were chosen to reflect normal, postprandial, and high glucose values, similar to those typically seen in Diabetes mellitus under clinical conditions. Cells were seeded on titanium SLA discs (Straumann AG, Waldenburg, Switzerland) and exposed to glucose concentrations and LPS (1μg/mL) in order to test inflammatory response (qPCR) and mineralization (Alizarin Red staining).
Results

Osteoblast viability was severely decreased when exposed to higher glucose levels (≥12 mM) and LPS (P < .05) compared to control. When the osteoblasts were exposed to LPS and glucose at ≥8 mM, the gene transcripts of inflammatory cytokines were ≈2.5‐fold upregulated, while ≤8 mM glucose elicited no significant change compared to control without glucose treatment (P > .05). Osteoblasts exposed to LPS produced sparse extracellular matrix mineralization, especially combined with higher glucose values (≥12 mM), together with decreased calcium deposition compared to control (P < .05).
Conclusions

High glucose levels combined with LPS inflammatory stimulation elicited an adverse effect on the volume and quality of mineralized hard tissue formation on SLA titanium surfaces in vitro. Hence, both normal glucose levels and infection control including low levels of circulating LPS during initial osseointegration period may be required to increase the success rate of dental implants.

Abstract

Background and Purpose

Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus has been related to higher risk of implant treatment complications due to increased susceptibility to infection and delayed wound healing. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulate cytokine production leading to chronic inflammation and immunological host response that accentuates the destruction of periodontal tissues. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different glycemic conditions on secretion and mineralization of bone matrix under sterile inflammation induced by LPS on osteoblasts seeded over sandblasted/acid‐etched (SLA) titanium surface.
Materials and Methods

Osteoblast cell viability was performed to determine the influence of different glucose concentrations (5.5, 8, 12, and 24 mM), which were chosen to reflect normal, postprandial, and high glucose values, similar to those typically seen in Diabetes mellitus under clinical conditions. Cells were seeded on titanium SLA discs (Straumann AG, Waldenburg, Switzerland) and exposed to glucose concentrations and LPS (1μg/mL) in order to test inflammatory response (qPCR) and mineralization (Alizarin Red staining).
Results

Osteoblast viability was severely decreased when exposed to higher glucose levels (≥12 mM) and LPS (P < .05) compared to control. When the osteoblasts were exposed to LPS and glucose at ≥8 mM, the gene transcripts of inflammatory cytokines were ≈2.5‐fold upregulated, while ≤8 mM glucose elicited no significant change compared to control without glucose treatment (P > .05). Osteoblasts exposed to LPS produced sparse extracellular matrix mineralization, especially combined with higher glucose values (≥12 mM), together with decreased calcium deposition compared to control (P < .05).
Conclusions

High glucose levels combined with LPS inflammatory stimulation elicited an adverse effect on the volume and quality of mineralized hard tissue formation on SLA titanium surfaces in vitro. Hence, both normal glucose levels and infection control including low levels of circulating LPS during initial osseointegration period may be required to increase the success rate of dental implants.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Oral Surgery
Health Sciences > General Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Oral Surgery, General Dentistry
Language:English
Date:1 April 2020
Deposited On:15 Jan 2021 09:21
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 01:50
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1523-0899
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/cid.12884
PubMed ID:32026615