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A systematic review and meta‐synthesis of qualitative studies on pelvic organ prolapse for the development of core outcome sets


Rada, Maria Patricia; Jones, Stephanie; Falconi, Gabriele; Milhem Haddad, Jorge; Betschart, Cornelia; Pergialiotis, Vasilios; Doumouchtsis, Stergios K (2020). A systematic review and meta‐synthesis of qualitative studies on pelvic organ prolapse for the development of core outcome sets. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 39(3):880-889.

Abstract

Aims

In the current climate of evidence‐based health care, the aim of this meta‐synthesis was to collect and systematically analyse data from primary qualitative studies on pelvic organ prolapse (POP), to identify patient‐centered perspectives on the natural course of POP. Information acquired in this study may be useful for ongoing research towards the development of core outcome sets (COS) in pelvic floor disorders.
Methods

A CHORUS Working Group performed a standardized search of three different databases (Medline, Embase, Scopus), from inception to October 2019. We selected qualitative studies on women's perspectives on POP that were published in the English language. Three reviewers independently evaluated the quality of eligible papers and highlighted recurrent themes based on patient perspectives.
Results

Eighteen qualitative studies including a total of 497 patients were assessed in this analysis. Our study revealed five superordinate themes, recurrently encountered in qualitative studies on POP: awareness of POP (6 studies), communication (9 studies), treatments (10 studies), effects on quality of life (6 studies), and self‐image (3 studies). Five out of 10 quality criteria were met by all the studies included, based on an assessment performed using the critical appraisal skills program.
Conclusions

This is the first synthesis of qualitative studies that address POP‐related experiences of women, highlighting five superordinate themes, of which treatment was the most commonly reported one. This synthesis' findings may guide quantitative research priorities and will hopefully contribute to the development of a COS for POP.

Abstract

Aims

In the current climate of evidence‐based health care, the aim of this meta‐synthesis was to collect and systematically analyse data from primary qualitative studies on pelvic organ prolapse (POP), to identify patient‐centered perspectives on the natural course of POP. Information acquired in this study may be useful for ongoing research towards the development of core outcome sets (COS) in pelvic floor disorders.
Methods

A CHORUS Working Group performed a standardized search of three different databases (Medline, Embase, Scopus), from inception to October 2019. We selected qualitative studies on women's perspectives on POP that were published in the English language. Three reviewers independently evaluated the quality of eligible papers and highlighted recurrent themes based on patient perspectives.
Results

Eighteen qualitative studies including a total of 497 patients were assessed in this analysis. Our study revealed five superordinate themes, recurrently encountered in qualitative studies on POP: awareness of POP (6 studies), communication (9 studies), treatments (10 studies), effects on quality of life (6 studies), and self‐image (3 studies). Five out of 10 quality criteria were met by all the studies included, based on an assessment performed using the critical appraisal skills program.
Conclusions

This is the first synthesis of qualitative studies that address POP‐related experiences of women, highlighting five superordinate themes, of which treatment was the most commonly reported one. This synthesis' findings may guide quantitative research priorities and will hopefully contribute to the development of a COS for POP.

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Additional indexing

Contributors:CHORUS: An International Collaboration for Harmonising Outcomes, Research and Standards in Urogynaecology and Women's Health
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gynecology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Health Sciences > Urology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Urology, Clinical Neurology
Language:English
Date:1 March 2020
Deposited On:18 Jan 2021 10:07
Last Modified:19 Jan 2021 21:01
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0733-2467
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/nau.24297
PubMed ID:32040864

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