The implementation of public schooling is usually understood as both an expressionand a means of nation-building. The formal organization of the school, i.e. thecurricula, teaching materials and the respective teacher’s education were interpretedas cultural-political arrangements deriving from assumed national convictionsabout the future of the particular nation-state and its ideal citizens. Against thisbackground, the entire learning arrangement of the curriculum can be seen asan instrument to educate pupils to become loyal national citizens. Of particularinterest is the curricular area which is explicitly dedicated to political education,i.e. civics. This paper focuses on precisely this area and its teaching materials oncivic education in a nation-state which comprises different nations organized bycantons, which cannot refer to a common religion, history or language and thusto a common culture. Examining two different cantons of Switzerland, this articledeals with the question of how nation-building may differ within the frameworkof one nation-state.