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Dialysis after graft loss: a Swiss experience


Bonani, Marco; Achermann, Rita; Seeger, Harald; Scharfe, Michael; Müller, Thomas; Schaub, Stefan; Binet, Isabelle; Huynh-Do, Uyen; Dahdal, Suzan; Golshayan, Dela; Hadaya, Karine; Wüthrich, Rudolf P; Fehr, Thomas; Segerer, Stephan (2020). Dialysis after graft loss: a Swiss experience. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 35(12):2182-2190.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Patients returning to dialysis after graft loss have high early morbidity and mortality.

METHODS

We used data from the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study to describe the current practice and outcomes in Switzerland. All patients who received a renal allograft between May 2008 and December 2014 were included. The patients with graft loss were divided into two groups depending on whether the graft loss occurred within 1 year after transplantation (early graft loss group) or later (late graft loss group). Patients with primary non-function who never gained graft function were excluded.

RESULTS

Seventy-seven out of 1502 patients lost their graft during follow-up, 40 within 1 year after transplantation. Eleven patients died within 30 days after allograft loss. Patient survival was 86, 81 and 74% at 30, 90 and 365 days after graft loss, respectively. About 92% started haemodialysis, 62% with definitive vascular access, which was associated with decreased mortality (hazard ratio = 0.28). At the time of graft loss, most patients were on triple immunosuppressive therapy with significant reduction after nephrectomy. One year after graft loss, 77.5% (31 of 40) of patients in the early and 43.2% (16 out of 37) in the late-loss group had undergone nephrectomy. Three years after graft loss, 36% of the patients with early and 12% with late graft loss received another allograft.

CONCLUSION

In summary, our data illustrate high mortality, and a high number of allograft nephrectomies and re-transplantations. Patients commencing haemodialysis with a catheter had significantly higher mortality than patients with definitive access. The role of immunosuppression reduction and allograft nephrectomy as interdependent factors for mortality and re-transplantation needs further evaluation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Patients returning to dialysis after graft loss have high early morbidity and mortality.

METHODS

We used data from the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study to describe the current practice and outcomes in Switzerland. All patients who received a renal allograft between May 2008 and December 2014 were included. The patients with graft loss were divided into two groups depending on whether the graft loss occurred within 1 year after transplantation (early graft loss group) or later (late graft loss group). Patients with primary non-function who never gained graft function were excluded.

RESULTS

Seventy-seven out of 1502 patients lost their graft during follow-up, 40 within 1 year after transplantation. Eleven patients died within 30 days after allograft loss. Patient survival was 86, 81 and 74% at 30, 90 and 365 days after graft loss, respectively. About 92% started haemodialysis, 62% with definitive vascular access, which was associated with decreased mortality (hazard ratio = 0.28). At the time of graft loss, most patients were on triple immunosuppressive therapy with significant reduction after nephrectomy. One year after graft loss, 77.5% (31 of 40) of patients in the early and 43.2% (16 out of 37) in the late-loss group had undergone nephrectomy. Three years after graft loss, 36% of the patients with early and 12% with late graft loss received another allograft.

CONCLUSION

In summary, our data illustrate high mortality, and a high number of allograft nephrectomies and re-transplantations. Patients commencing haemodialysis with a catheter had significantly higher mortality than patients with definitive access. The role of immunosuppression reduction and allograft nephrectomy as interdependent factors for mortality and re-transplantation needs further evaluation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Nephrology
Health Sciences > Transplantation
Language:English
Date:4 December 2020
Deposited On:18 Jan 2021 12:04
Last Modified:19 Jan 2021 21:01
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0931-0509
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfaa037
PubMed ID:32170950

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