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Oncostatin M Plays a Critical Role in Survival after Acute Intestinal Ischemia: Reperfusion Injury


Young, Pang Y; Mueller, Thomas F; Sis, Banu; Churchill, Thomas A; Khadaroo, Rachel G (2020). Oncostatin M Plays a Critical Role in Survival after Acute Intestinal Ischemia: Reperfusion Injury. Surgical Infections, 21(9):799-806.

Abstract

Background: Acute intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury (AIIRI) is a devastating clinical condition relevant to multiple diseases processes, including sepsis, trauma, transplantation, and burns. An AIIRI is a contributor to the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Oncostatin M (OSM)/oncostatin M receptor (OSMR) signaling is an unrecognized and novel candidate pathway for the mediation of MODS. In this study, we hypothesized that OSM mediates the injury mechanism of AIIRI leading to MODS. Methods: Wild-type (WT) and OSMR-knockout (OSMR-/-) C57BL/6 mice underwent AIIRI using a well-established model of selective occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Serum cytokine concentrations were measured using a multiplex detection system. Further tissue analysis was conducted with polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blots, and histologic review. Results: Survival was significantly higher in WT than in OSMR-/- groups at 30 minutes of ischemia with 2 hours of reperfusion (100% versus 42.9%; P = 0.015). No significant differences in the degree of local intestinal injury was seen in the two groups. In contrast, the degree of lung injury, as evidenced by myeloperixodase activity, was lower in OSMR-/- animals in the early AIIRI groups. There was a greater degree of renal dysfunction in OSMR-/- mice. Oncostatin M mediated interleukin (IL)-10 upregulation, with WT animals having significantly lower IL-10 concentrations (52.04 ± 23.06 pg/mL versus 324.37 ± 140.35 pg/mL; P = 0.046). Conclusion: Oncostatin M signalling is essential during acute intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury. An OSMR deficiency results in decreased early lung injury but increased renal dysfunction. There was a significantly increased mortality rate after AIIRI in mice with OSMR deficiency. Augmentation of OSM may be a novel immunomodulatory strategy for AIIRI.

Abstract

Background: Acute intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury (AIIRI) is a devastating clinical condition relevant to multiple diseases processes, including sepsis, trauma, transplantation, and burns. An AIIRI is a contributor to the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Oncostatin M (OSM)/oncostatin M receptor (OSMR) signaling is an unrecognized and novel candidate pathway for the mediation of MODS. In this study, we hypothesized that OSM mediates the injury mechanism of AIIRI leading to MODS. Methods: Wild-type (WT) and OSMR-knockout (OSMR-/-) C57BL/6 mice underwent AIIRI using a well-established model of selective occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Serum cytokine concentrations were measured using a multiplex detection system. Further tissue analysis was conducted with polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blots, and histologic review. Results: Survival was significantly higher in WT than in OSMR-/- groups at 30 minutes of ischemia with 2 hours of reperfusion (100% versus 42.9%; P = 0.015). No significant differences in the degree of local intestinal injury was seen in the two groups. In contrast, the degree of lung injury, as evidenced by myeloperixodase activity, was lower in OSMR-/- animals in the early AIIRI groups. There was a greater degree of renal dysfunction in OSMR-/- mice. Oncostatin M mediated interleukin (IL)-10 upregulation, with WT animals having significantly lower IL-10 concentrations (52.04 ± 23.06 pg/mL versus 324.37 ± 140.35 pg/mL; P = 0.046). Conclusion: Oncostatin M signalling is essential during acute intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury. An OSMR deficiency results in decreased early lung injury but increased renal dysfunction. There was a significantly increased mortality rate after AIIRI in mice with OSMR deficiency. Augmentation of OSM may be a novel immunomodulatory strategy for AIIRI.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Microbiology (medical)
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Language:English
Date:November 2020
Deposited On:18 Jan 2021 12:23
Last Modified:19 Jan 2021 21:01
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert
ISSN:1096-2964
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1089/sur.2019.193
PubMed ID:32379547

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