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Word Order and the Grammaticalization of Gender in Khasian


Ring, Hram (2020). Word Order and the Grammaticalization of Gender in Khasian. In: Alves, Mark; Jenny, Mathias; Sidwell, Paul. Austroasiatic Syntax in Areal and Diachronic Perspective. Leiden: Brill, 107-134.

Abstract

Verb-initial order is reported for less than 9% of the 1,377 languages in the WALS word order database (Dryer 2013). This makes such order somewhat unusual among languages of the world, and leads us to question how verb-initial order develops or is lost diachronically. Many of the Khasian varieties prefer verb-initial clauses, a feature they share with Nicobarese lects but not with the rest of the phylum (Munda is largely SOV and AA languages in MSEA are largely SVO in terms of the WALS typology; see Jenny et al. 2015); yet this fact has been hidden from scholarship until recently due to the dearth of information about the Khasian varieties. The current chapter describes the state of knowledge about word order within this group, with the perspective that Khasian word order has interesting implications for the development of various subsystems of grammar such as gender marking in Khasian, and potentially for the history of Austroasiatic as a whole.

Abstract

Verb-initial order is reported for less than 9% of the 1,377 languages in the WALS word order database (Dryer 2013). This makes such order somewhat unusual among languages of the world, and leads us to question how verb-initial order develops or is lost diachronically. Many of the Khasian varieties prefer verb-initial clauses, a feature they share with Nicobarese lects but not with the rest of the phylum (Munda is largely SOV and AA languages in MSEA are largely SVO in terms of the WALS typology; see Jenny et al. 2015); yet this fact has been hidden from scholarship until recently due to the dearth of information about the Khasian varieties. The current chapter describes the state of knowledge about word order within this group, with the perspective that Khasian word order has interesting implications for the development of various subsystems of grammar such as gender marking in Khasian, and potentially for the history of Austroasiatic as a whole.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Comparative Linguistics
Dewey Decimal Classification:490 Other languages
890 Other literatures
410 Linguistics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Austroasiatic Khasian Diachronic linguistics Syntax
Language:English
Date:2 April 2020
Deposited On:18 Jan 2021 09:41
Last Modified:18 Jan 2021 09:41
Publisher:Brill
ISBN:9789004396951
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004425606_006
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100015_176264
  • : Project TitleThe Development of Verb-Initial Structures Cross-linguistically: Insights from Austroasiatic

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