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Dopamine depletion induces neuron‐specific alterations of GABAergic transmission in the mouse striatum


Boccalaro, Ida Luisa; Schwerdel, Cornelia; Cristiá‐Lara, Leonardo; Fritschy, Jean‐Marc; Rubi, Lena (2020). Dopamine depletion induces neuron‐specific alterations of GABAergic transmission in the mouse striatum. European Journal of Neuroscience, 52(5):3353-3374.

Abstract

Lack of dopamine (DA) in the striatum and the consequential dysregulation of thalamocortical circuits are major causes of motor impairments in Parkinson's disease. The striatum receives multiple cortical and subcortical afferents. Its role in movement control and motor skills learning is regulated by DA from the nigrostriatal pathway. In Parkinson's disease, DA loss affects striatal network activity and induces a functional imbalance of its output pathways, impairing thalamocortical function. Striatal projection neurons are GABAergic and form two functionally antagonistic pathways: the direct pathway, originating from DA receptor type 1-expressing medium spiny neurons (D1 R-MSN), and the indirect pathway, from D2 R-MSN. Here, we investigated whether DA depletion in mouse striatum also affects GABAergic function. We recorded GABAergic miniature IPSCs (mIPSC) and tonic inhibition from D1 R- and D2 R-MSN and used immunohistochemical labeling to study GABAA R function and subcellular distribution in DA-depleted and control mice. We observed slower decay kinetics and increased tonic inhibition in D1 R-MSN, while D2 R-MSN had increased mIPSC frequency after DA depletion. Perisomatic synapses containing the GABAA R subunits α1 or α2 were not affected, but there was a strong decrease in non-synaptic GABAA Rs containing these subunits, suggesting altered receptor trafficking. To broaden these findings, we also investigated GABAA Rs in GABAergic and cholinergic interneurons and found cell type-specific alterations in receptor distribution, likely reflecting changes in connectivity. Our results reveal that chronic DA depletion alters striatal GABAergic transmission, thereby affecting cellular and circuit activity. These alterations either result from pathological changes or represent a compensatory mechanism to counteract imbalance of output pathways.

Abstract

Lack of dopamine (DA) in the striatum and the consequential dysregulation of thalamocortical circuits are major causes of motor impairments in Parkinson's disease. The striatum receives multiple cortical and subcortical afferents. Its role in movement control and motor skills learning is regulated by DA from the nigrostriatal pathway. In Parkinson's disease, DA loss affects striatal network activity and induces a functional imbalance of its output pathways, impairing thalamocortical function. Striatal projection neurons are GABAergic and form two functionally antagonistic pathways: the direct pathway, originating from DA receptor type 1-expressing medium spiny neurons (D1 R-MSN), and the indirect pathway, from D2 R-MSN. Here, we investigated whether DA depletion in mouse striatum also affects GABAergic function. We recorded GABAergic miniature IPSCs (mIPSC) and tonic inhibition from D1 R- and D2 R-MSN and used immunohistochemical labeling to study GABAA R function and subcellular distribution in DA-depleted and control mice. We observed slower decay kinetics and increased tonic inhibition in D1 R-MSN, while D2 R-MSN had increased mIPSC frequency after DA depletion. Perisomatic synapses containing the GABAA R subunits α1 or α2 were not affected, but there was a strong decrease in non-synaptic GABAA Rs containing these subunits, suggesting altered receptor trafficking. To broaden these findings, we also investigated GABAA Rs in GABAergic and cholinergic interneurons and found cell type-specific alterations in receptor distribution, likely reflecting changes in connectivity. Our results reveal that chronic DA depletion alters striatal GABAergic transmission, thereby affecting cellular and circuit activity. These alterations either result from pathological changes or represent a compensatory mechanism to counteract imbalance of output pathways.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Neuroscience
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Neuroscience
Language:English
Date:1 September 2020
Deposited On:19 Jan 2021 16:19
Last Modified:20 Jan 2021 21:02
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0953-816X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.14886

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