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3-Bromotetrazine: labelling of macromolecules via monosubstituted bifunctional s-tetrazines


Schnell, Simon D; Hoff, Lukas V; Panchagnula, Advaita; Wurzenberger, Maximilian H H; Klapötke, Thomas M; Sieber, Simon; Linden, Anthony; Gademann, Karl (2020). 3-Bromotetrazine: labelling of macromolecules via monosubstituted bifunctional s-tetrazines. Chemical Science, 11(11):3042-3047.

Abstract

We report the synthesis and first characterisation of the novel chemical probe 3-bromotetrazine and establish its reactivity towards nucleophiles. This led to the synthesis of several novel classes of 3-monosubstituted s-tetrazines. A remarkable functional group selectivity is observed and is utilised to site-selectively functionalise different complex molecules. The stability of 3-bromotetrazine under the reaction conditions facilitated the development of a protocol for protein functionalisation, which enabled a “minimal”, bifunctional tetrazine unit as a bio-orthogonal handle for inverse electron demand Diels–Alder reactions. Additionally, a novel tetrazine-based chemical probe was developed and its application in the context of thiol-targeted natural product isolation and labelling of mammalian cells is demonstrated.

Abstract

We report the synthesis and first characterisation of the novel chemical probe 3-bromotetrazine and establish its reactivity towards nucleophiles. This led to the synthesis of several novel classes of 3-monosubstituted s-tetrazines. A remarkable functional group selectivity is observed and is utilised to site-selectively functionalise different complex molecules. The stability of 3-bromotetrazine under the reaction conditions facilitated the development of a protocol for protein functionalisation, which enabled a “minimal”, bifunctional tetrazine unit as a bio-orthogonal handle for inverse electron demand Diels–Alder reactions. Additionally, a novel tetrazine-based chemical probe was developed and its application in the context of thiol-targeted natural product isolation and labelling of mammalian cells is demonstrated.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Chemistry
Language:English
Date:1 January 2020
Deposited On:20 Jan 2021 13:20
Last Modified:21 Jan 2021 21:04
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:2041-6520
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/c9sc06169j

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