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Influence of nanoclays on water uptake and flexural strength of glass-polyester composites


Nemati Giv, Ali; Rastegar, Sina; Özcan, Mutlu (2020). Influence of nanoclays on water uptake and flexural strength of glass-polyester composites. Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials, 18:2280800020930180.

Abstract

Fiber-reinforced polyester composites have received significant attention in a variety of applications due to their considerable potential due to such characteristics as high strength, stiffness, and modulus. However, one of the most important concerns about polymeric composites is their sensitivity to moisture attack. This work has been conducted to investigate the effects of nanoclay addition on reinforcing glass/polyester composites against water absorption and the resultant deterioration of flexural strength. Therefore, chopped strand mat and woven fiberglass polyester specimens were fabricated by using the hand lay-up technique with varying weight percentages of Cloisite 20A nanoclays (0, 1.5, and 3 wt%) and immersion in water for a time duration of 21 days. The specimens were weighed for the water absorption test. The results showed a remarkable drop in water absorption of the composite samples with the increase of nanoclay content. Moreover, although all the pure and nanocomposite specimens underwent degradation in flexural strength due to the water absorption, the strength was found to significantly increase with increasing the percentage of nanoclay at all immersion periods. The experimental results were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SEM images indicated that the presence of nanoclay protected the fiber/matrix interfaces.

Abstract

Fiber-reinforced polyester composites have received significant attention in a variety of applications due to their considerable potential due to such characteristics as high strength, stiffness, and modulus. However, one of the most important concerns about polymeric composites is their sensitivity to moisture attack. This work has been conducted to investigate the effects of nanoclay addition on reinforcing glass/polyester composites against water absorption and the resultant deterioration of flexural strength. Therefore, chopped strand mat and woven fiberglass polyester specimens were fabricated by using the hand lay-up technique with varying weight percentages of Cloisite 20A nanoclays (0, 1.5, and 3 wt%) and immersion in water for a time duration of 21 days. The specimens were weighed for the water absorption test. The results showed a remarkable drop in water absorption of the composite samples with the increase of nanoclay content. Moreover, although all the pure and nanocomposite specimens underwent degradation in flexural strength due to the water absorption, the strength was found to significantly increase with increasing the percentage of nanoclay at all immersion periods. The experimental results were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SEM images indicated that the presence of nanoclay protected the fiber/matrix interfaces.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biophysics
Physical Sciences > Bioengineering
Physical Sciences > Biomaterials
Physical Sciences > Biomedical Engineering
Language:English
Date:January 2020
Deposited On:21 Jan 2021 13:20
Last Modified:22 Jan 2021 21:02
Publisher:Wichtig Editore
ISSN:2280-8000
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/2280800020930180
PubMed ID:32946316

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