Pediatric high-grade gliomas (pHGGs) are a group of tumors affecting approximately 0.85 children per 100,000 annually. The general outcome for these tumors is poor with 5-year survival rates of less than 20%. It is now recognized that these tumors represent a heterogeneous group of tumors rather than one entity. Large-scale genomic analyses have led to a greater understanding of the molecular drivers of different subtypes of these tumors and have also aided in the development of subtype-specific therapies. For example, for pHGG with NTRK fusions, promising new targeted therapies are actively being explored. Herein, we review the clinico-pathologic and molecular classification of these tumors, historical treatments, current management strategies, and therapies currently under investigation.