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Optimal therapeutic targeting by HDAC inhibition in biopsy-derived treatment-naïve diffuse midline glioma models


Abstract

BACKGROUND

Diffuse midline gliomas (DMGs), including diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs), have a dismal prognosis with less than 2% surviving 5-years post-diagnosis. The majority of DIPGs and all DMGs harbor mutations altering the epigenetic regulatory histone tail (H3 K27M). Investigations addressing DMG epigenetics have identified few promising drugs, including the HDAC inhibitor (HDACi) panobinostat. Here, we use clinically-relevant DMG models to identify and validate other effective HDACi and their biomarkers of response.

METHODS

HDACi were tested across biopsy-derived treatment-naïve in vitro and in vivo DMG models with biologically-relevant radiation-resistance. RNA sequencing was performed to define and compare drug efficacy, and to map predictive biomarkers of response.

RESULTS

Quisinostat and romidepsin showed efficacy with a low nanomolar IC50 values (~50 and ~5 nM, respectively). Comparative transcriptome analyses across quisinostat, romidepsin, and panobinostat showed a greater degree of shared biological effects between quisinostat and panobinostat, and less overlap with romidepsin. However, some transcriptional changes were consistent across all three drugs at similar biologically effective doses, such as overexpression of TNNT1 and downregulation of COL20A1, identifying these as potential vulnerabilities or on-target biomarkers in DMG. Quisinostat and romidepsin significantly (p <0.0001) inhibited in vivo tumor growth.

CONCLUSIONS

Our data highlights the utility of treatment-naïve biopsy-derived models; establishes quisinostat and romidepsin as effective in vivo; illuminates potential mechanisms and/or biomarkers of DMG cell lethality due to HDAC inhibition; and emphasizes the need for brain-tumor-penetrant versions of potentially efficacious agents.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Diffuse midline gliomas (DMGs), including diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs), have a dismal prognosis with less than 2% surviving 5-years post-diagnosis. The majority of DIPGs and all DMGs harbor mutations altering the epigenetic regulatory histone tail (H3 K27M). Investigations addressing DMG epigenetics have identified few promising drugs, including the HDAC inhibitor (HDACi) panobinostat. Here, we use clinically-relevant DMG models to identify and validate other effective HDACi and their biomarkers of response.

METHODS

HDACi were tested across biopsy-derived treatment-naïve in vitro and in vivo DMG models with biologically-relevant radiation-resistance. RNA sequencing was performed to define and compare drug efficacy, and to map predictive biomarkers of response.

RESULTS

Quisinostat and romidepsin showed efficacy with a low nanomolar IC50 values (~50 and ~5 nM, respectively). Comparative transcriptome analyses across quisinostat, romidepsin, and panobinostat showed a greater degree of shared biological effects between quisinostat and panobinostat, and less overlap with romidepsin. However, some transcriptional changes were consistent across all three drugs at similar biologically effective doses, such as overexpression of TNNT1 and downregulation of COL20A1, identifying these as potential vulnerabilities or on-target biomarkers in DMG. Quisinostat and romidepsin significantly (p <0.0001) inhibited in vivo tumor growth.

CONCLUSIONS

Our data highlights the utility of treatment-naïve biopsy-derived models; establishes quisinostat and romidepsin as effective in vivo; illuminates potential mechanisms and/or biomarkers of DMG cell lethality due to HDAC inhibition; and emphasizes the need for brain-tumor-penetrant versions of potentially efficacious agents.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 November 2020
Deposited On:27 Jan 2021 07:00
Last Modified:27 Jan 2021 07:01
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1522-8517
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/noaa249
PubMed ID:33130903

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