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Evaluation of mechanical and adhesion properties of glass ionomer cement incorporating nano-sized hydroxyapatite particles


Kheur, Mohit; Kantharia, Nidhi; Iakha, Tabrez; Kheur, Supriya; Al-Haj Husain, Nadin; Özcan, Mutlu (2020). Evaluation of mechanical and adhesion properties of glass ionomer cement incorporating nano-sized hydroxyapatite particles. Odontology / the Society of the Nippon Dental University, 108(1):66-73.

Abstract

Glass ionomer cement is a widely used luting agent for indirect restorations but presents inferior mechanical properties compared to resin cement due to its low elastic modulus. This study evaluated the mechanical and adhesion properties of glass ionomer luting cements reinforced with nano-sized hydroxyapatite particles (HA). The nano-sized HA particles were synthesized using the co-precipitation technique and the resulting precipitate was characterized using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), field emission scanning electron (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). HA particles were incorporated into the glass powder (FUJI I, GC) and the luting agent was manipulated in a liquid to powder ratio of 3:1 into 6% by weight after determining the best ratio. The flexural strength of the luting agent and shear bond strength of dentin were analyzed and compared to other luting agents namely, (a) glass ionomer (FUJI I), (b) resin-modified glass ionomer (RelyX Luting Plus) and (c) adhesive resin cement (RelyX U200). Failure types after debonding from dentin were evaluated under SEM. Flexural strength and bond strength data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (alpha = 0.001). Addition of 6 w % HA particles in the range of 80-150 nm enhanced the flexural strength (30.97 ± 5.9 versus 11.65 ± 5.63) and shear bond strength (0.97 ± 0.41 versus 0.39 ± 0.16) of a conventional glass ionomer luting agent significantly compared to the non-reinforced ones when manipulated at a liquid to powder ratio of 3:1 (P < 0.001). While conventional glass ionomer, HA-reinforced glass ionomer and resin-modified glass ionomer specimens showed exclusively mixed type of failures, adhesive resin cement showed cohesive failures within the resin cement. Increased mechanical and adhesion potential of the experimental glass ionomer luting agent after incorporation of HA particles could expand the scope of application of this cement.

Abstract

Glass ionomer cement is a widely used luting agent for indirect restorations but presents inferior mechanical properties compared to resin cement due to its low elastic modulus. This study evaluated the mechanical and adhesion properties of glass ionomer luting cements reinforced with nano-sized hydroxyapatite particles (HA). The nano-sized HA particles were synthesized using the co-precipitation technique and the resulting precipitate was characterized using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), field emission scanning electron (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). HA particles were incorporated into the glass powder (FUJI I, GC) and the luting agent was manipulated in a liquid to powder ratio of 3:1 into 6% by weight after determining the best ratio. The flexural strength of the luting agent and shear bond strength of dentin were analyzed and compared to other luting agents namely, (a) glass ionomer (FUJI I), (b) resin-modified glass ionomer (RelyX Luting Plus) and (c) adhesive resin cement (RelyX U200). Failure types after debonding from dentin were evaluated under SEM. Flexural strength and bond strength data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (alpha = 0.001). Addition of 6 w % HA particles in the range of 80-150 nm enhanced the flexural strength (30.97 ± 5.9 versus 11.65 ± 5.63) and shear bond strength (0.97 ± 0.41 versus 0.39 ± 0.16) of a conventional glass ionomer luting agent significantly compared to the non-reinforced ones when manipulated at a liquid to powder ratio of 3:1 (P < 0.001). While conventional glass ionomer, HA-reinforced glass ionomer and resin-modified glass ionomer specimens showed exclusively mixed type of failures, adhesive resin cement showed cohesive failures within the resin cement. Increased mechanical and adhesion potential of the experimental glass ionomer luting agent after incorporation of HA particles could expand the scope of application of this cement.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Dentistry
Language:English
Date:January 2020
Deposited On:27 Jan 2021 10:21
Last Modified:05 Feb 2021 08:19
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1618-1247
Additional Information:This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in the Society of the Nippon Dental University. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s10266-019-00427-5
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10266-019-00427-5
PubMed ID:31028514

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