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Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery: Long-Term Experience with Hybrid Transvaginal Cholecystectomies


Rössler, Fabian; Keerl, Andreas; Bieri, Uwe; Slieker, Juliette; Nocito, Antonio (2020). Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery: Long-Term Experience with Hybrid Transvaginal Cholecystectomies. Surgical Innovation:155335062093240.

Abstract

Objective. To assess outcome and safety of 571 hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) cholecystectomies. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed all consecutive NOTES cholecystectomies performed at our center between June 2009 and January 2018. All procedures were performed using a hybrid transvaginal technique, including an umbilical small-size trocar. End points, calculated at discharge, 30 and up to 90 days postoperatively, included intra- and postoperative morbidity assessed by the validated Clavien–Dindo classification and the Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI). Special focus was held on outcome and necessity of pre- and postoperative gynecological examinations. Results. We performed 571 hybrid NOTES cholecystectomies within 9 years. The vast majority were elective, 9.6% were emergency cholecystectomies. 6.7% of patients developed at least one complication until discharge, most of them minor (≤grade II). 30- and 90-day complication rates were 10.7% and 11%, respectively. Mean CCI at discharge and postoperative days 30 and 90 was 1.45 (±6.4), 2.3 (±7.7), and 2.4 (±7.8), respectively. Major complications (≥grade IIIa) occurred in 1.6% of patients, and 4 patients required emergency reoperation. No mortality was observed. In 9.8%, an additional abdominal trocar was placed. All patients underwent routine gynecological examination, whereof only 5 were rejected for transvaginal access preoperatively. In no case transvaginal access was discontinued intraoperatively due to gynecological disease. Conclusion. Hybrid NOTES transvaginal cholecystectomy represents a safe and feasible alternative to standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Preoperative gynecological examination is no longer routinely necessary, as intraoperative assessment is adequate.

Abstract

Objective. To assess outcome and safety of 571 hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) cholecystectomies. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed all consecutive NOTES cholecystectomies performed at our center between June 2009 and January 2018. All procedures were performed using a hybrid transvaginal technique, including an umbilical small-size trocar. End points, calculated at discharge, 30 and up to 90 days postoperatively, included intra- and postoperative morbidity assessed by the validated Clavien–Dindo classification and the Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI). Special focus was held on outcome and necessity of pre- and postoperative gynecological examinations. Results. We performed 571 hybrid NOTES cholecystectomies within 9 years. The vast majority were elective, 9.6% were emergency cholecystectomies. 6.7% of patients developed at least one complication until discharge, most of them minor (≤grade II). 30- and 90-day complication rates were 10.7% and 11%, respectively. Mean CCI at discharge and postoperative days 30 and 90 was 1.45 (±6.4), 2.3 (±7.7), and 2.4 (±7.8), respectively. Major complications (≥grade IIIa) occurred in 1.6% of patients, and 4 patients required emergency reoperation. No mortality was observed. In 9.8%, an additional abdominal trocar was placed. All patients underwent routine gynecological examination, whereof only 5 were rejected for transvaginal access preoperatively. In no case transvaginal access was discontinued intraoperatively due to gynecological disease. Conclusion. Hybrid NOTES transvaginal cholecystectomy represents a safe and feasible alternative to standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Preoperative gynecological examination is no longer routinely necessary, as intraoperative assessment is adequate.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Surgery
Language:English
Date:14 June 2020
Deposited On:27 Jan 2021 15:52
Last Modified:31 Jan 2021 08:48
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:1553-3506
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/1553350620932402
PubMed ID:32538319

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