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Aberrant striatal coupling with default mode and central executive network relates to self-reported avolition and anhedonia in schizophrenia


Brakowski, Janis; Manoliu, Andrei; Homan, Philipp; Bosch, Oliver Gero; Herdener, Marcus; Seifritz, Erich; Kaiser, Stefan; Kirschner, Matthias (2020). Aberrant striatal coupling with default mode and central executive network relates to self-reported avolition and anhedonia in schizophrenia. Journal of Psychiatric Research:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Background: Avolition and anhedonia are common symptoms in schizophrenia and are related to poor long-term prognosis. There is evidence for aberrant cortico-striatal function and connectivity as neural substrate of avolition and anhedonia. However, it remains unclear how both relate to shared or distinct striatal coupling with large-scale intrinsic networks. Using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) this study investigated the association of large-scale cortico-striatal functional connectivity with self-reported and clinician-rated avolition and anhedonia in subjects with schizophrenia.
Methods: Seventeen subjects with schizophrenia (SZ) and 28 healthy controls (HC) underwent rs-fMRI. Using Independent Component Analysis (ICA), we assessed Independent Components (ICs) reflecting intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs), intra intrinsic functional connectivity within the ICs (intra-iFC), and intrinsic functional connectivity between different ICs (inter-iFC). Avolition and anhedonia were assessed using the Self Evaluation Scale for Negative Symptoms and the Brief Negative Symptom Scale.
Results: ICA revealed three striatal components and six cortical ICNs. Both self-rated avolition and anhedonia correlated with increased inter-iFC between the caudate and posterior Default Mode Network (pDMN) and between the caudate and Central Executive Network (CEN). In contrast, clinician-rated avolition and anhedonia were not correlated with cortico-striatal connectivity. Group comparison revealed trend-wise decreased inter-iFC between the caudate and Salience Network (SN) in schizophrenia patients compared to HC.
Discussion: Self-rated, but not clinician-rated, avolition and anhedonia was associated with aberrant striatal coupling with the default mode and the central executive network. These findings suggest that self-reported and clinician-rated scores might capture different aspects of motivational and hedonic deficits in schizophrenia and therefore relate to different cortico-striatal functional abnormalities.

Abstract

Background: Avolition and anhedonia are common symptoms in schizophrenia and are related to poor long-term prognosis. There is evidence for aberrant cortico-striatal function and connectivity as neural substrate of avolition and anhedonia. However, it remains unclear how both relate to shared or distinct striatal coupling with large-scale intrinsic networks. Using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) this study investigated the association of large-scale cortico-striatal functional connectivity with self-reported and clinician-rated avolition and anhedonia in subjects with schizophrenia.
Methods: Seventeen subjects with schizophrenia (SZ) and 28 healthy controls (HC) underwent rs-fMRI. Using Independent Component Analysis (ICA), we assessed Independent Components (ICs) reflecting intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs), intra intrinsic functional connectivity within the ICs (intra-iFC), and intrinsic functional connectivity between different ICs (inter-iFC). Avolition and anhedonia were assessed using the Self Evaluation Scale for Negative Symptoms and the Brief Negative Symptom Scale.
Results: ICA revealed three striatal components and six cortical ICNs. Both self-rated avolition and anhedonia correlated with increased inter-iFC between the caudate and posterior Default Mode Network (pDMN) and between the caudate and Central Executive Network (CEN). In contrast, clinician-rated avolition and anhedonia were not correlated with cortico-striatal connectivity. Group comparison revealed trend-wise decreased inter-iFC between the caudate and Salience Network (SN) in schizophrenia patients compared to HC.
Discussion: Self-rated, but not clinician-rated, avolition and anhedonia was associated with aberrant striatal coupling with the default mode and the central executive network. These findings suggest that self-reported and clinician-rated scores might capture different aspects of motivational and hedonic deficits in schizophrenia and therefore relate to different cortico-striatal functional abnormalities.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Psychiatry and Mental Health
Life Sciences > Biological Psychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biological Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Mental health
Language:English
Date:4 November 2020
Deposited On:27 Jan 2021 18:17
Last Modified:28 Jan 2021 21:02
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-3956
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.10.047
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID105314_140351
  • : Project TitleCombining dimensional and neuroimaging approaches to the negative symptoms of schizophrenia
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDP2SKP3_178175
  • : Project TitleModulating the neural processing of internal and external rewards - a multimodal approach combining neuroimaging, TMS and pharmacological challenge
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID105314_140351
  • : Project TitleCombining dimensional and neuroimaging approaches to the negative symptoms of schizophrenia
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDP2SKP3_178175
  • : Project TitleModulating the neural processing of internal and external rewards - a multimodal approach combining neuroimaging, TMS and pharmacological challenge
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID105314_140351
  • : Project TitleCombining dimensional and neuroimaging approaches to the negative symptoms of schizophrenia
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDP2SKP3_178175
  • : Project TitleModulating the neural processing of internal and external rewards - a multimodal approach combining neuroimaging, TMS and pharmacological challenge

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