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Systematic review of brain arteriovenous malformation grading systems evaluating microsurgical treatment recommendation


Grüter, Basil E; Sun, Wenhua; Fierstra, Jorn; Regli, Luca; Germans, Menno R (2021). Systematic review of brain arteriovenous malformation grading systems evaluating microsurgical treatment recommendation. Neurosurgical Review:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

When evaluating brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) for microsurgical resection, the natural history of bAVM rupture must be balanced against the perioperative risks. It is therefore adamant to have a reliable surgical grading system, balancing these important factors. This study systematically reviews the literature in order to identify and assess the quality of grading systems with regard to microsurgical bAVM treatment. A systematic literature review was performed to provide an overview of all available bAVM grading systems relevant for microsurgical treatment evaluation and to assess the most comprehensive grading system specifically for each subgroup of bAVM (i.e., unruptured, ruptured, and posterior fossa). Screening of 865 papers revealed thirteen grading systems for bAVM microsurgical risk stratification. Among them, two systems were specifically developed for ruptured bAVM and one specifically for posterior fossa bAVM. With one system being fundamentally different for supratentorial bAVM, the remaining nine systems used the same parameters: "size," "eloquence," "venous drainage," "arterial feeders," "age," "nidus compactness," and "hemorrhagic presentation". This study provides a comprehensive overview of all available bAVM grading systems relevant for surgical risk stratification. Furthermore, in the absence of a universal system appropriate to score all bAVMs, a workflow for selection of the best applicable scoring system in accordance with bAVM subgroups is presented.

Abstract

When evaluating brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) for microsurgical resection, the natural history of bAVM rupture must be balanced against the perioperative risks. It is therefore adamant to have a reliable surgical grading system, balancing these important factors. This study systematically reviews the literature in order to identify and assess the quality of grading systems with regard to microsurgical bAVM treatment. A systematic literature review was performed to provide an overview of all available bAVM grading systems relevant for microsurgical treatment evaluation and to assess the most comprehensive grading system specifically for each subgroup of bAVM (i.e., unruptured, ruptured, and posterior fossa). Screening of 865 papers revealed thirteen grading systems for bAVM microsurgical risk stratification. Among them, two systems were specifically developed for ruptured bAVM and one specifically for posterior fossa bAVM. With one system being fundamentally different for supratentorial bAVM, the remaining nine systems used the same parameters: "size," "eloquence," "venous drainage," "arterial feeders," "age," "nidus compactness," and "hemorrhagic presentation". This study provides a comprehensive overview of all available bAVM grading systems relevant for surgical risk stratification. Furthermore, in the absence of a universal system appropriate to score all bAVMs, a workflow for selection of the best applicable scoring system in accordance with bAVM subgroups is presented.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:27 January 2021
Deposited On:28 Jan 2021 11:31
Last Modified:28 Jan 2021 11:32
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0344-5607
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10143-020-01464-3
PubMed ID:33501562

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