Leadless pacemakers are an established treatment option for bradyarrhythmias. Similar to conventional transvenous pacemakers, satisfying pacing values during implantation are targeted for optimal long-term device function. The objective is to investigate the role of a local injury current (IC) in leadless pacemaker implantations.
The IC, sensing value, capture threshold and impedance were collected in 30 consecutive patients receiving a leadless pacemaker.
39 EGMs were recorded from 30 patients (including 9 device repositions). An IC was detected in 15 cases (38%). At implantation, the presence of an IC was associated with a significantly lower sensing (7.1 ± 3.7 mV vs 12.0 ± 4.0 mV; P = 0.004) and a higher capture threshold (median threshold 1.13 V at 0.24 ms [0.50-2.00] vs 0.50 V at 0.24 ms [0.25-0.75]; P = 0.002) and with a 26 fold higher likelihood of device repositioning compared to the absence of an IC (OR 26.3 [2.79-248], P < 0.001). Patients with an IC in their final implant position had a lower sensing (9.3 ± 4.4 mV vs 13.6 ± 4.7 mV at implantation, P = 0.04), while the initially similar capture threshold was lower after 24 h in the IC group. After 2 weeks, all parameters were similar between the two groups.
Our study shows that an IC can readily be observed during leadless pacemaker implantation associated with a lower sensing and a higher capture threshold at implantation but with similar to even better values during follow-up.