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Novel risk calculator performance in athletes with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy


Abstract

BACKGROUND

Disease progression and ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) are correlated with physical exercise, and clinical detraining and avoidance of competitive sport practice are suggested for ARVC patients. An algorithm assessing primary arrhythmic risk in ARVC patients was recently developed by Cadrin-Tourigny et al. Data regarding its transferability to athletes are lacking.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of the Cadrin-Tourigny risk prediction algorithm in a cohort of athletes with ARVC and to describe the impact of clinical detraining on disease progression.

METHODS

All athletes undergoing clinical detraining after ARVC diagnosis at our institution were enrolled. Baseline and follow-up clinical characteristics and data on VA events occurring during follow-up were collected. The Cadrin-Tourigny algorithm was used to calculate the a priori predicted VA risk, which was compared with the observed outcomes.

RESULTS

Twenty-five athletes (age 36.1 ± 14.0 years; 80% male) with definite ARVC who were undergoing clinical detraining were enrolled. Over median (interquartile range) follow-up of 5.3 (3.2-6.6) years, a reduction in premature ventricular complex (PVC) burden (P = .001) was assessed, and 10 VA events (40%) were recorded. The a priori algorithm-predicted risk seemed to fit with the observed cohort arrhythmic risk [mean observed-predicted risk difference over 5 years -0.85% (interquartile range -4.8% to +3.1%); P = .85]. At 1-year follow-up, 11 patients (44%) had an improved stress ECG response, and no significant changes in right ventricular ejection fraction were observed.

CONCLUSION

Clinical detraining is associated with PVC burden reduction in athletes with ARVC. The novel risk prediction algorithm does not seem to require any correction for its application to ARVC athletes.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Disease progression and ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) are correlated with physical exercise, and clinical detraining and avoidance of competitive sport practice are suggested for ARVC patients. An algorithm assessing primary arrhythmic risk in ARVC patients was recently developed by Cadrin-Tourigny et al. Data regarding its transferability to athletes are lacking.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of the Cadrin-Tourigny risk prediction algorithm in a cohort of athletes with ARVC and to describe the impact of clinical detraining on disease progression.

METHODS

All athletes undergoing clinical detraining after ARVC diagnosis at our institution were enrolled. Baseline and follow-up clinical characteristics and data on VA events occurring during follow-up were collected. The Cadrin-Tourigny algorithm was used to calculate the a priori predicted VA risk, which was compared with the observed outcomes.

RESULTS

Twenty-five athletes (age 36.1 ± 14.0 years; 80% male) with definite ARVC who were undergoing clinical detraining were enrolled. Over median (interquartile range) follow-up of 5.3 (3.2-6.6) years, a reduction in premature ventricular complex (PVC) burden (P = .001) was assessed, and 10 VA events (40%) were recorded. The a priori algorithm-predicted risk seemed to fit with the observed cohort arrhythmic risk [mean observed-predicted risk difference over 5 years -0.85% (interquartile range -4.8% to +3.1%); P = .85]. At 1-year follow-up, 11 patients (44%) had an improved stress ECG response, and no significant changes in right ventricular ejection fraction were observed.

CONCLUSION

Clinical detraining is associated with PVC burden reduction in athletes with ARVC. The novel risk prediction algorithm does not seem to require any correction for its application to ARVC athletes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Health Sciences > Physiology (medical)
Language:English
Date:August 2020
Deposited On:01 Feb 2021 17:25
Last Modified:02 Feb 2021 21:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1547-5271
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2020.03.007
PubMed ID:32200046

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