Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Clinical predictors of left ventricular involvement in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy


Akdis, Deniz; Saguner, Ardan M; Burri, Haran; Medeiros-Domingo, Argelia; Matter, Christian M; Ruschitzka, Frank; Tanner, Felix C; Brunckhorst, Corinna; Duru, Firat (2020). Clinical predictors of left ventricular involvement in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. American Heart Journal, 223:34-43.

Abstract

AIM

The impact of clinical characteristics for predicting patterns of ventricular involvement in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) are not well defined. The aims of this study were to characterize different patterns of ventricular involvement in patients with ARVC and to stratify them based on clinical characteristics exercise and underlying genetic mutations.

METHODS

Sixty-four patients with definite ARVC from the Swiss ARVC Registry were enrolled. Right and left ventricular functions were assessed at baseline and most recent follow-up. All patients received genetic testing. Serum high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin T (hs-cTNT) and N-terminal of pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were determined at baseline.

RESULTS

Thirty-five patients (55%) had isolated right ventricular (RV) involvement, 12 patients (19%) had biventricular (BiV) involvement at baseline and 17 patients (26%) had no left ventricular (LV) involvement at baseline, but revealed new onset LV involvement at mean follow-up of 7.5 years. Patients with BiV involvement at baseline harbored significantly more desmoplakin and multiple mutations and patients with new-onset LV involvement at follow-up frequently showed non-desmosomal mutations. Patients engaging in competitive sports more often showed LV involvement during follow-up. Baseline hs-cTNT and NT-proBNP levels were higher in patients developing BiV involvement.

CONCLUSION

Multiple mutations are more common in ARVC patients with BiV involvement. Competitive exercise is associated with disease progression resulting in BiV involvement. Hs-cTNT and NT-proBNP are elevated in patients with BiV involvement and may help to identify ARVC patients at risk for developing BiV disease.

Abstract

AIM

The impact of clinical characteristics for predicting patterns of ventricular involvement in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) are not well defined. The aims of this study were to characterize different patterns of ventricular involvement in patients with ARVC and to stratify them based on clinical characteristics exercise and underlying genetic mutations.

METHODS

Sixty-four patients with definite ARVC from the Swiss ARVC Registry were enrolled. Right and left ventricular functions were assessed at baseline and most recent follow-up. All patients received genetic testing. Serum high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin T (hs-cTNT) and N-terminal of pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were determined at baseline.

RESULTS

Thirty-five patients (55%) had isolated right ventricular (RV) involvement, 12 patients (19%) had biventricular (BiV) involvement at baseline and 17 patients (26%) had no left ventricular (LV) involvement at baseline, but revealed new onset LV involvement at mean follow-up of 7.5 years. Patients with BiV involvement at baseline harbored significantly more desmoplakin and multiple mutations and patients with new-onset LV involvement at follow-up frequently showed non-desmosomal mutations. Patients engaging in competitive sports more often showed LV involvement during follow-up. Baseline hs-cTNT and NT-proBNP levels were higher in patients developing BiV involvement.

CONCLUSION

Multiple mutations are more common in ARVC patients with BiV involvement. Competitive exercise is associated with disease progression resulting in BiV involvement. Hs-cTNT and NT-proBNP are elevated in patients with BiV involvement and may help to identify ARVC patients at risk for developing BiV disease.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:May 2020
Deposited On:01 Feb 2021 17:39
Last Modified:02 Feb 2021 21:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-8703
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2020.01.019
PubMed ID:32146217

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library