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Test anxiety components: an intra-individual approach testing their control antecedents and effects on performance


Roos, Anna-Lena; Goetz, Thomas; Krannich, Maike; Jarrell, Amanda; Donker, Monika; Mainhard, Tim (2020). Test anxiety components: an intra-individual approach testing their control antecedents and effects on performance. Anxiety, Stress & Coping:epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Although anxiety consists of multiple components, including cognitive, affective, motivational, and physiological, and some findings suggest that there might be differences regarding their control antecedents and effects on performance, previous studies have largely neglected to examine these components separately and for reasons of convenience often assessed test anxiety as a unified construct using a single-item. Therefore, this study investigated the different test anxiety components with the goal to: (1) examine the relative impact of the anxiety components in the mediating mechanism that connects control and performance – as proposed by Pekrun’s control-value theory, and (2) determine which specific anxiety component is underlying common single-item anxiety measures.
Methods: The research questions were investigated using an intra-individual approach in a sample of N = 137 German 8th graders during a mathematics exam.
Results: As expected, control was negatively related to all anxiety components, but associations varied in strength. Additionally, the components differed in their relative impact on performance, with the cognitive component being central for this outcome. Furthermore, common single-item measures seem to specifically assess the affective component, and thus not the component most relevant for test performance.
Conclusion: Consequently, our study strongly recommends to distinguish between the anxiety components depending on the research question at hand.

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Although anxiety consists of multiple components, including cognitive, affective, motivational, and physiological, and some findings suggest that there might be differences regarding their control antecedents and effects on performance, previous studies have largely neglected to examine these components separately and for reasons of convenience often assessed test anxiety as a unified construct using a single-item. Therefore, this study investigated the different test anxiety components with the goal to: (1) examine the relative impact of the anxiety components in the mediating mechanism that connects control and performance – as proposed by Pekrun’s control-value theory, and (2) determine which specific anxiety component is underlying common single-item anxiety measures.
Methods: The research questions were investigated using an intra-individual approach in a sample of N = 137 German 8th graders during a mathematics exam.
Results: As expected, control was negatively related to all anxiety components, but associations varied in strength. Additionally, the components differed in their relative impact on performance, with the cognitive component being central for this outcome. Furthermore, common single-item measures seem to specifically assess the affective component, and thus not the component most relevant for test performance.
Conclusion: Consequently, our study strongly recommends to distinguish between the anxiety components depending on the research question at hand.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Education
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Clinical Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Health Sciences > Psychiatry and Mental Health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Test anxiety, components, performance, antecedents, control-value theory, intra-individual
Language:English
Date:24 November 2020
Deposited On:07 Feb 2021 12:47
Last Modified:08 Feb 2021 21:00
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1061-5806
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2020.1850700
Related URLs: (Library Catalogue)

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