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Influence of ns-Nd:YAG laser surface treatment on the tensile bond strength of zirconia to resin-matrix cements


Henriques, Bruno; Hammes, Nathalia; Souza, Júlio CM; Özcan, Mutlu; Mesquita-Guimarães, Joana; Silva, Filipe S; Fredel, Márcio C; Volpato, Claudia M; Carvalho, Óscar (2020). Influence of ns-Nd:YAG laser surface treatment on the tensile bond strength of zirconia to resin-matrix cements. Ceramics International, 46(17):27822-27831.

Abstract

The main aim of this study was to assess the effect of ns-Nd:YAG laser structuring over zirconia green compacts on the adhesion of sintered zirconia to resin-matrix cements. Zirconia (3Y-TZP) compacts were divided according to the type of surface modification: GB – alumina grit-blasted sintered specimens; G8L – laser structured zirconia green compacts (square pattern 8 lines); G16L - laser structured zirconia green compacts (square pattern 16 lines); G8L/GB – alumina grit-blasted G8L specimens after sintering. Specimens of same group were cleaned, cemented using a dual cure resin-matrix cement and aged in distilled water for 24 h (37 °C). Afterwards, the tensile bond strength was measured using a universal test machine. Specimens were analyzed by field emission guns scanning electron microscopy (FEGSEM) and white light interferometry (WLI). Laser-structured surfaces showed higher roughness values and improved morphological aspects for adhesion to resin-matrix cements. Higher tensile bond strength mean values of zirconia to resin-matrix cements were recorded for G8L (16.7 ± 3.8 MPa) and G16L (13.6 ± 3.0 MPa) groups when compared to those recorded for ordinary grit-blasted zirconia surfaces to resin-matrix cements (10 ± 3.1 MPa). The highest tensile bond strength results were recorded for the G8L/GB group (24.2 ± 7.6 MPa). The laser texturing of green zirconia surfaces promoted an increase in roughness and changes in morphological aspects of sintered zirconia for improved adhesion to resin-matrix cements.

Abstract

The main aim of this study was to assess the effect of ns-Nd:YAG laser structuring over zirconia green compacts on the adhesion of sintered zirconia to resin-matrix cements. Zirconia (3Y-TZP) compacts were divided according to the type of surface modification: GB – alumina grit-blasted sintered specimens; G8L – laser structured zirconia green compacts (square pattern 8 lines); G16L - laser structured zirconia green compacts (square pattern 16 lines); G8L/GB – alumina grit-blasted G8L specimens after sintering. Specimens of same group were cleaned, cemented using a dual cure resin-matrix cement and aged in distilled water for 24 h (37 °C). Afterwards, the tensile bond strength was measured using a universal test machine. Specimens were analyzed by field emission guns scanning electron microscopy (FEGSEM) and white light interferometry (WLI). Laser-structured surfaces showed higher roughness values and improved morphological aspects for adhesion to resin-matrix cements. Higher tensile bond strength mean values of zirconia to resin-matrix cements were recorded for G8L (16.7 ± 3.8 MPa) and G16L (13.6 ± 3.0 MPa) groups when compared to those recorded for ordinary grit-blasted zirconia surfaces to resin-matrix cements (10 ± 3.1 MPa). The highest tensile bond strength results were recorded for the G8L/GB group (24.2 ± 7.6 MPa). The laser texturing of green zirconia surfaces promoted an increase in roughness and changes in morphological aspects of sintered zirconia for improved adhesion to resin-matrix cements.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Physical Sciences > Ceramics and Composites
Physical Sciences > Process Chemistry and Technology
Physical Sciences > Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Physical Sciences > Materials Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Process Chemistry and Technology, Materials Chemistry, Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials, Surfaces, Coatings and Films, Ceramics and Composites
Language:English
Date:1 December 2020
Deposited On:03 Feb 2021 10:42
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 11:37
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0272-8842
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.07.281

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