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Statement on conversion therapy


Independent Forensic Expert Group; et al; Schick, Matthis (2020). Statement on conversion therapy. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 72:101930.

Abstract

Conversion therapy is a set of practices that aim to change or alter an individual's sexual orientation or gender identity. It is practiced in every region of the world by health professionals, religious practitioners, and community or family members often by or with the support of the state. Conversion therapy is performed despite evidence that it is ineffective and likely to cause individuals significant or severe physical and mental pain and suffering with long-term harmful effects. The purpose of this medico-legal statement is to provide legal experts, adjudicators, health care professionals, and policy makers, among others, with an understanding of: 1) the lack of medical and scientific validity of conversion therapy; 2) the likely physical and psychological consequences of undergoing conversion therapy; and 3) whether, based on these effects, conversion therapy constitutes cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or torture when individuals are subjected to it forcibly or without their consent. This medico-legal statement also addresses the responsibility of states in regulating the practice, the ethical implications of offering or performing it, and the role that health professionals and medical and mental health organisations should play with regards to it.

Abstract

Conversion therapy is a set of practices that aim to change or alter an individual's sexual orientation or gender identity. It is practiced in every region of the world by health professionals, religious practitioners, and community or family members often by or with the support of the state. Conversion therapy is performed despite evidence that it is ineffective and likely to cause individuals significant or severe physical and mental pain and suffering with long-term harmful effects. The purpose of this medico-legal statement is to provide legal experts, adjudicators, health care professionals, and policy makers, among others, with an understanding of: 1) the lack of medical and scientific validity of conversion therapy; 2) the likely physical and psychological consequences of undergoing conversion therapy; and 3) whether, based on these effects, conversion therapy constitutes cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or torture when individuals are subjected to it forcibly or without their consent. This medico-legal statement also addresses the responsibility of states in regulating the practice, the ethical implications of offering or performing it, and the role that health professionals and medical and mental health organisations should play with regards to it.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Klinik für Konsiliarpsychiatrie und Psychosomatik
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Social Sciences & Humanities > Law
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pathology and Forensic Medicine, Law, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:14 February 2020
Deposited On:03 Feb 2021 12:11
Last Modified:04 Feb 2021 21:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1752-928X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2020.101930
PubMed ID:32452446

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