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Factors affecting the translucency of monolithic zirconia ceramics: A review from materials science perspective


Pekkan, Gürel; Pekkan, Keriman; Bayindir, Banu Çukurluöz; Özcan, Mutlu; Karasu, Bekir (2020). Factors affecting the translucency of monolithic zirconia ceramics: A review from materials science perspective. Dental Materials Journal, 39(1):1-8.

Abstract

The use of monolithic [yttria (Y2O3)-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (ZrO2) polycrystalline] (Y-TZP) ceramics to restore teeth is expanding in dentistry. However, there are still some problems about color matching and the translucency of these ceramics. The employment of Y-TZP ceramics in aesthetically critical regions is questionable due to the insufficient translucency and opacity of the restorations. The objective of this review was to assess the factors affecting the translucency of monolithic Y-TZP ceramics for a better understanding the relevant parameters in restorations. The translucency of polycrystalline ceramics is a complex phenomenon. Apprehending the translucency regarding ceramics requires their knowledge of physical, chemical and microstructural characteristics with the light interactions among them.

Abstract

The use of monolithic [yttria (Y2O3)-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (ZrO2) polycrystalline] (Y-TZP) ceramics to restore teeth is expanding in dentistry. However, there are still some problems about color matching and the translucency of these ceramics. The employment of Y-TZP ceramics in aesthetically critical regions is questionable due to the insufficient translucency and opacity of the restorations. The objective of this review was to assess the factors affecting the translucency of monolithic Y-TZP ceramics for a better understanding the relevant parameters in restorations. The translucency of polycrystalline ceramics is a complex phenomenon. Apprehending the translucency regarding ceramics requires their knowledge of physical, chemical and microstructural characteristics with the light interactions among them.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Ceramics and Composites
Health Sciences > General Dentistry
Language:English
Date:31 January 2020
Deposited On:03 Feb 2021 14:45
Last Modified:04 Feb 2021 21:01
Publisher:Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices
ISSN:0287-4547
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4012/dmj.2019-098
PubMed ID:31406098

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