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Additive Manufacturing in Dentistry: Current Technologies, Clinical Applications, and Limitations


Methani, Mohammed M; Cesar, Paulo Francisco; de Paula Miranda, Ranulfo Benedito; Morimoto, Susana; Özcan, Mutlu; Revilla-León, Marta (2020). Additive Manufacturing in Dentistry: Current Technologies, Clinical Applications, and Limitations. Current Oral Health Reports, 7(4):327-334.

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This review aimed to illustrate the utility of additive manufacturing technologies for the fabrication of polymer, metal, and ceramic components within the confines of their current and potential clinical applications in dentistry.
Recent Findings

The literature reviewed on five additive manufacturing technologies, namely, vat-polymerization, material jetting, material extrusion, powder-based fusion, and binder jetting, have been investigated in relevance to their dental applications. These technologies have the following existing or potential clinical applications: diagnostic and definitive casts, custom trays, positioning guides for custom abutments, tooth preparation guides, interim dental restorations, all-ceramic crowns, metal crowns and copings, silicone indices, occlusal devices, complete dentures, wax patterns for intra- and extra-coronal restorations, surgical guides, removable partial dentures, and tooth- or implant-supported frameworks.
Summary

Vat-polymerization, material jetting, and powder-based fusion technologies have existing clinical applications utilizing mainly polymers and metals. Additive manufacturing technologies need further development to be used with ceramic materials for dental applications.

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This review aimed to illustrate the utility of additive manufacturing technologies for the fabrication of polymer, metal, and ceramic components within the confines of their current and potential clinical applications in dentistry.
Recent Findings

The literature reviewed on five additive manufacturing technologies, namely, vat-polymerization, material jetting, material extrusion, powder-based fusion, and binder jetting, have been investigated in relevance to their dental applications. These technologies have the following existing or potential clinical applications: diagnostic and definitive casts, custom trays, positioning guides for custom abutments, tooth preparation guides, interim dental restorations, all-ceramic crowns, metal crowns and copings, silicone indices, occlusal devices, complete dentures, wax patterns for intra- and extra-coronal restorations, surgical guides, removable partial dentures, and tooth- or implant-supported frameworks.
Summary

Vat-polymerization, material jetting, and powder-based fusion technologies have existing clinical applications utilizing mainly polymers and metals. Additive manufacturing technologies need further development to be used with ceramic materials for dental applications.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)
Health Sciences > Oral Surgery
Health Sciences > Surgery
Language:English
Date:1 December 2020
Deposited On:03 Feb 2021 15:17
Last Modified:27 Jan 2022 05:25
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2196-3002
Additional Information:This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Current Oral Health Reports. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s40496-020-00288-w
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s40496-020-00288-w

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