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Ir- and Ru-doped layered double hydroxides as affordable heterogeneous catalysts for electrochemical water oxidation


Fagiolari, Lucia; Zaccaria, Francesco; Costantino, Ferdinando; Vivani, Riccardo; Mavrokefalos, Christos K; Patzke, Greta R; Macchioni, Alceo (2020). Ir- and Ru-doped layered double hydroxides as affordable heterogeneous catalysts for electrochemical water oxidation. Dalton Transactions, 49(8):2468-2476.

Abstract

Three M-doped LDHs (M = noble metal active site, LDH = layered double hydroxides; Ir-1, Ir-ZnAl; Ru, Ru-ZnAl; Ir-2, Ir-MgAl), containing small amounts of M (ca. 2 mol% and even <1 mol% for Ru and Ir, respectively), were prepared by following simple and established synthetic procedures. Their characterization indicates that M atoms are effectively incorporated into the brucite-like layers of LDH, without phase segregation. The resulting materials catalyse electrochemical water oxidation (WO), when immobilized in carbon paste electrodes, with performances that exceed those of the benchmark system IrO2, as probed by linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). Some of these catalysts undergo continuous activation upon chronoamperometric and chronopotentiometric treatments over several hours. The crystalline structure of all of them is preserved during electrocatalytic experiments, and no significant leaching of noble metal in solution is detected. The results herein reported highlight the remarkable potential of these doped M-LDHs and confirm that dispersing Ir and Ru centers in layered and cheap inorganic materials results in easily accessible metal centers, providing highly active catalysts, while minimizing the utilization of noble metals.

Abstract

Three M-doped LDHs (M = noble metal active site, LDH = layered double hydroxides; Ir-1, Ir-ZnAl; Ru, Ru-ZnAl; Ir-2, Ir-MgAl), containing small amounts of M (ca. 2 mol% and even <1 mol% for Ru and Ir, respectively), were prepared by following simple and established synthetic procedures. Their characterization indicates that M atoms are effectively incorporated into the brucite-like layers of LDH, without phase segregation. The resulting materials catalyse electrochemical water oxidation (WO), when immobilized in carbon paste electrodes, with performances that exceed those of the benchmark system IrO2, as probed by linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). Some of these catalysts undergo continuous activation upon chronoamperometric and chronopotentiometric treatments over several hours. The crystalline structure of all of them is preserved during electrocatalytic experiments, and no significant leaching of noble metal in solution is detected. The results herein reported highlight the remarkable potential of these doped M-LDHs and confirm that dispersing Ir and Ru centers in layered and cheap inorganic materials results in easily accessible metal centers, providing highly active catalysts, while minimizing the utilization of noble metals.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
08 Research Priority Programs > Solar Light to Chemical Energy Conversion
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Inorganic Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Inorganic Chemistry
Language:English
Date:1 January 2020
Deposited On:03 Feb 2021 18:50
Last Modified:25 Feb 2021 01:00
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1477-9226
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/c9dt04306c
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDCRSII2_160801
  • : Project TitlePhotocatalytic Processes at Solvated Interfaces

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