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The use of cinacalcet after pediatric renal transplantation: an international CERTAIN Registry analysis


Bernardor, Julie; Schmitt, Claus Peter; Oh, Jun; Sellier-Leclerc, Anne-Laure; Büscher, Anja; Dello Strologo, Luca; Genc, Gurkan; John, Ulrike; Weitz, Marcus; Zirngibl, Matthias; Krupka, Kai; Tönshoff, Burkhard; Bacchetta, Justine (2020). The use of cinacalcet after pediatric renal transplantation: an international CERTAIN Registry analysis. Pediatric Nephrology, 35(9):1707-1718.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) may persist after renal transplantation (RTx), inducing hypophosphatemia and hypercalcemia that precludes the use of vitamin D analogs. The calcimimetic cinacalcet improved plasma calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in randomized controlled trials in adults after RTx, but pediatric data are scarce.

METHODS

In this retrospective study, we analyzed 20 pediatric patients from the Cooperative European Paediatric Renal TransplAnt Initiative (CERTAIN) Registry who received cinacalcet after RTx. The results are presented as median and interquartile range (25th-75th percentile).

RESULTS

At 13.7 (11.0-16.5) years of age, 20 pediatric patients received a renal allograft. Cinacalcet was introduced at 0.4 (0.3-2.7) years post-transplant at an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 50 (34-66) mL/min/1.73 m$^{2}$, plasma calcium of 2.58 (2.39-2.71) mmol/L, age-standardized (z score) phosphate of - 1.7 (- 2.7-- 0.4), and PTH of 136 (95-236) ng/L. The starting dose of cinacalcet was 0.5 (0.3-0.8) mg/kg per day, with a maximum dose of 1.1 (0.5-1.3) mg/kg per day. With a follow-up of 3.0 (1.5-3.6) years on cinacalcet therapy, eGFR remained stable; PTH levels decreased to 66 (56-124) ng/L at the last follow-up (p = 0.015). One patient displayed hypocalcemia (1.8 mmol/L). Cinacalcet was withdrawn in three patients (hypocalcemia, parathyroidectomy, incompliance). Nephrocalcinosis of the graft was not reported.

CONCLUSIONS

This pilot study suggests that cinacalcet as off-label therapy for SHPT after pediatric RTx is efficacious in controlling post-transplant SHPT with acceptable tolerability. Continuing cinacalcet even with normal PTH can lead to dangerous life-threatening hypocalcemia. Therefore, at each subsequent visit, the need to continue cinacalcet must be assessed.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) may persist after renal transplantation (RTx), inducing hypophosphatemia and hypercalcemia that precludes the use of vitamin D analogs. The calcimimetic cinacalcet improved plasma calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in randomized controlled trials in adults after RTx, but pediatric data are scarce.

METHODS

In this retrospective study, we analyzed 20 pediatric patients from the Cooperative European Paediatric Renal TransplAnt Initiative (CERTAIN) Registry who received cinacalcet after RTx. The results are presented as median and interquartile range (25th-75th percentile).

RESULTS

At 13.7 (11.0-16.5) years of age, 20 pediatric patients received a renal allograft. Cinacalcet was introduced at 0.4 (0.3-2.7) years post-transplant at an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 50 (34-66) mL/min/1.73 m$^{2}$, plasma calcium of 2.58 (2.39-2.71) mmol/L, age-standardized (z score) phosphate of - 1.7 (- 2.7-- 0.4), and PTH of 136 (95-236) ng/L. The starting dose of cinacalcet was 0.5 (0.3-0.8) mg/kg per day, with a maximum dose of 1.1 (0.5-1.3) mg/kg per day. With a follow-up of 3.0 (1.5-3.6) years on cinacalcet therapy, eGFR remained stable; PTH levels decreased to 66 (56-124) ng/L at the last follow-up (p = 0.015). One patient displayed hypocalcemia (1.8 mmol/L). Cinacalcet was withdrawn in three patients (hypocalcemia, parathyroidectomy, incompliance). Nephrocalcinosis of the graft was not reported.

CONCLUSIONS

This pilot study suggests that cinacalcet as off-label therapy for SHPT after pediatric RTx is efficacious in controlling post-transplant SHPT with acceptable tolerability. Continuing cinacalcet even with normal PTH can lead to dangerous life-threatening hypocalcemia. Therefore, at each subsequent visit, the need to continue cinacalcet must be assessed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Health Sciences > Nephrology
Language:English
Date:4 May 2020
Deposited On:04 Feb 2021 08:21
Last Modified:05 Feb 2021 21:05
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0931-041X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-020-04558-8
PubMed ID:32367310

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