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Age-related development of self-regulation: Evidence on stability and change in action orientation


Bettschart, Martin; Wolf, Benjamin M; Herrmann, Marcel; Brandstätter, Veronika (2021). Age-related development of self-regulation: Evidence on stability and change in action orientation. Journal of Research in Personality, 91:104063.

Abstract

Action (vs. state) orientation describes the ability to modulate affect and is at the core of goal-directed self-regulation. However, evidence on stability and change over time is scarce. In Study 1 (N = 368 couples), we investigated measurement invariance of action orientation (measured with the ACS-90) as well as rank-order stability and mean-level change over a period of four years. We report results from three samples with young adults (Study 2). Measurement invariance was obtained for an adjusted ACS-90 scale after removing 4 items. Rank-order stability was high. In both studies, one of two subscales – prospective action orientation – increased over time. Positive change was most consistent for middle-aged adults, implying that self-regulatory abilities improve during middle adulthood.

Abstract

Action (vs. state) orientation describes the ability to modulate affect and is at the core of goal-directed self-regulation. However, evidence on stability and change over time is scarce. In Study 1 (N = 368 couples), we investigated measurement invariance of action orientation (measured with the ACS-90) as well as rank-order stability and mean-level change over a period of four years. We report results from three samples with young adults (Study 2). Measurement invariance was obtained for an adjusted ACS-90 scale after removing 4 items. Rank-order stability was high. In both studies, one of two subscales – prospective action orientation – increased over time. Positive change was most consistent for middle-aged adults, implying that self-regulatory abilities improve during middle adulthood.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Social Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > General Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Psychology, Social Psychology
Language:English
Date:1 April 2021
Deposited On:04 Feb 2021 09:27
Last Modified:05 Feb 2021 21:05
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0092-6566
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2020.104063
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDCRSI11_133004
  • : Project TitleImpact of Stress on Relationship Development of Couples and Children: A Longitudinal Approach on Dyadic Development Across the Lifespan
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100014_130131
  • : Project TitleShould I stop or Should I Go? Determinants and Consequences of an Action Crisis as a Critical Phase in Goal Striving
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100014_159389
  • : Project TitleThe Cognitive and Behavioral Consequences of an Action Crisis and Intervention Strategies

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