Accurate assessment of the vascular anatomy is a prerequisite of any pancreatic resection, since an unnoticed arterial injury in the context of a complex resection such as Whipple procedure, can seriously jeopardize patient’s safety. This article aims to describe an infrequent anatomic variant of a replaced right hepatic artery originating directly from the gastroduodenal artery and its potential implications for duodenopancreatectomy, as the gastroduodenal artery is routinely divided. We present here two different cases of this arterial abnormality identified during a Whipple procedure and its implications in each different setting. Preoperative identification of anatomical variations is essential for proficient surgical planning. Nevertheless, when detected during surgery, an meticulous dissection of the hepatoduodenal ligament is required to identify all the vascular relations in order to avoid irreversible damage.