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Resting TcPO2 levels decrease during liner wear in persons with a transtibial amputation


Berli, Martin C; Jundt-Ecker, Michèle; Meier, Margrit R; Hofer, Michael; Schöni, Madlaina; Götschi, Tobias; Uçkay, Ilker; Böni, Thomas; Waibel, Felix W A (2020). Resting TcPO2 levels decrease during liner wear in persons with a transtibial amputation. PLoS ONE, 15(9):e0239930.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In our clinic, a substantial number of patients present with transtibial residual limb pain of no specific somatic origin. Silicone liner induced tissue compression may reduce blood flow, possibly causing residual limb pain. Thus, as a first step we investigated if the liner itself has an effect on transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2).

METHODS

Persons with unilateral transtibial amputation and residual limb pain of unknown origin were included. Medical history, including residual limb pain, was recorded, and the SF-36 administered. Resting TcPO2 levels were measured in the supine position and without a liner at 0, 10, 20 and 30 minutes using two sensors: one placed in the Transverse plane over the tip of the Tibia End (= TTE), the other placed in the Sagittal plane, distally over the Peroneal Compartment (= SPC). Measurements were repeated with specially prepared liners avoiding additional pressure due to sensor placement. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS.

RESULTS

Twenty persons (9 women, 11 men) with a mean age of 68.65 years (range 47-86 years) participated. The transtibial amputation occurred on average 43 months prior to study entry (range 3-119 months). With liner wear, both sensors measured TcPO2 levels that were significantly lower than those measured without a liner (TTE: p < 0.001; SPC: p = 0.002) after 10, 20 and 30 minutes. No significant differences were found between TcPO2 levels over time between the sensors. There were no significant associations between TcPO2 levels and pain, smoking status, age, duration of daily liner use, mobility level, and revision history.

CONCLUSION

Resting TcPO2 levels decreased significantly while wearing a liner alone, without a prosthetic socket. Further studies are required to investigate the effect of liner wear on exercise TcPO2 levels.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In our clinic, a substantial number of patients present with transtibial residual limb pain of no specific somatic origin. Silicone liner induced tissue compression may reduce blood flow, possibly causing residual limb pain. Thus, as a first step we investigated if the liner itself has an effect on transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2).

METHODS

Persons with unilateral transtibial amputation and residual limb pain of unknown origin were included. Medical history, including residual limb pain, was recorded, and the SF-36 administered. Resting TcPO2 levels were measured in the supine position and without a liner at 0, 10, 20 and 30 minutes using two sensors: one placed in the Transverse plane over the tip of the Tibia End (= TTE), the other placed in the Sagittal plane, distally over the Peroneal Compartment (= SPC). Measurements were repeated with specially prepared liners avoiding additional pressure due to sensor placement. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS.

RESULTS

Twenty persons (9 women, 11 men) with a mean age of 68.65 years (range 47-86 years) participated. The transtibial amputation occurred on average 43 months prior to study entry (range 3-119 months). With liner wear, both sensors measured TcPO2 levels that were significantly lower than those measured without a liner (TTE: p < 0.001; SPC: p = 0.002) after 10, 20 and 30 minutes. No significant differences were found between TcPO2 levels over time between the sensors. There were no significant associations between TcPO2 levels and pain, smoking status, age, duration of daily liner use, mobility level, and revision history.

CONCLUSION

Resting TcPO2 levels decreased significantly while wearing a liner alone, without a prosthetic socket. Further studies are required to investigate the effect of liner wear on exercise TcPO2 levels.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Health Sciences > Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:28 September 2020
Deposited On:05 Mar 2021 15:01
Last Modified:01 Apr 2021 16:26
Publisher:Public Library of Science (PLoS)
ISSN:1932-6203
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239930
PubMed ID:32986780

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