The relevance of pancreatic texture for pancreatic fistula (POPF) formation after distal pancreatectomy (DP) remains ill defined. Recent POPF definition adjustments and common subjective pancreatic texture assessment are further drawbacks in the investigation of pancreatic texture as a factor for POPF development after DP.
The predictive value of pancreatic texture by histologic assessment was investigated for POPF formation after DP, respecting the updated 2016 fistula definition. Histologic evaluation at the resection margin included amount of steatosis, degree of fibrosis, and pancreatic duct size.
A total of 102 patients who underwent DP were included. Thirty-six patients developed POPF. There was no difference in histologic variables in patients with and without POPF. In the univariate analysis, none of the three histologic features showed significant correlation with POPF formation. The ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve demonstrated poor utility for the grade of steatosis 0.481 ± 0.058 (p = 0.75) and grade of fibrosis 0.466 ± 0.058 (p = 0.57) as predictive factors for POPF formation.
Results indicate that pancreatic texture does not predict POPF formation following DP. This is particularly relevant in the context of the increasing use of robotic and laparoscopic approaches for DPs with limited clinical pancreatic texture assessment by palpation.