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Right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction with the Labcor® stentless valved pulmonary conduit


Jussli-Melchers, Jill; Scheewe, Jens; Hansen, Jan Hinnerk; Grothusen, Christina; Steer, Julia; Voges, Inga; Logoteta, Jana; Dütschke, Peter; Kramer, Hans-Heiner; Attmann, Tim (2020). Right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction with the Labcor® stentless valved pulmonary conduit. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery, 57(2):380-387.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction is a common necessity in congenital cardiac surgery. As homograft availability is limited, alternatives need to be evaluated. The Labcor® conduit consists of a porcine tricomposite valve assembled inside a bovine pericardium tube. This study presents intermediate-term results for its utilization for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction.

METHODS

Labcor conduits were implanted in 53 patients (February 2009-July 2016). We analysed perioperative data, freedom from conduit failure and risk factors for conduit dysfunction.

RESULTS

The most common diagnosis was Tetralogy of Fallot (n = 20, 37.7%). The median age at surgery was 10.0 [interquartile range (IQR) 4.9-14.3] years. Pulmonary artery plasty (n = 37, 69.8%) and augmentation of the right ventricular outflow tract (n = 16, 30.2%) were often part of the procedure. The median conduit size was 21 (range 11-25) mm. There was no in-hospital death. The median follow-up after surgery was 4.6 (IQR 3.4-5.6) years. Fourteen patients (27.5%) developed conduit failure with stenosis being the main cause. Freedom from conduit failure was 98.0% at 2 and 80.5% at 5 years. The median longevity of the conduit was 7.4 years (95% confidence interval 5.1-9.8 years). Younger age and smaller conduit size were related to conduit failure.

CONCLUSIONS

Utilization of the Labcor conduit revealed acceptable intermediate-term results. The conduit appeared to be functioning sufficiently well within the first 5 years in the majority of patients. The higher rate of failure concerning smaller conduits might be associated with somatic outgrowth; however, conduit degeneration as common and long-term outcome still needs to be evaluated.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction is a common necessity in congenital cardiac surgery. As homograft availability is limited, alternatives need to be evaluated. The Labcor® conduit consists of a porcine tricomposite valve assembled inside a bovine pericardium tube. This study presents intermediate-term results for its utilization for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction.

METHODS

Labcor conduits were implanted in 53 patients (February 2009-July 2016). We analysed perioperative data, freedom from conduit failure and risk factors for conduit dysfunction.

RESULTS

The most common diagnosis was Tetralogy of Fallot (n = 20, 37.7%). The median age at surgery was 10.0 [interquartile range (IQR) 4.9-14.3] years. Pulmonary artery plasty (n = 37, 69.8%) and augmentation of the right ventricular outflow tract (n = 16, 30.2%) were often part of the procedure. The median conduit size was 21 (range 11-25) mm. There was no in-hospital death. The median follow-up after surgery was 4.6 (IQR 3.4-5.6) years. Fourteen patients (27.5%) developed conduit failure with stenosis being the main cause. Freedom from conduit failure was 98.0% at 2 and 80.5% at 5 years. The median longevity of the conduit was 7.4 years (95% confidence interval 5.1-9.8 years). Younger age and smaller conduit size were related to conduit failure.

CONCLUSIONS

Utilization of the Labcor conduit revealed acceptable intermediate-term results. The conduit appeared to be functioning sufficiently well within the first 5 years in the majority of patients. The higher rate of failure concerning smaller conduits might be associated with somatic outgrowth; however, conduit degeneration as common and long-term outcome still needs to be evaluated.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 February 2020
Deposited On:09 Feb 2021 09:46
Last Modified:10 Feb 2021 21:00
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezz200
PubMed ID:31302680

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