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The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence in Psychotherapy


Manriquez Roa, Tania; Biller-Andorno, Nikola; Trachsel, Manuel (2020). The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence in Psychotherapy. In: Trachsel, Manuel; Gaab, Jens; Biller-Andorno, Nikola; Tekin, Şerife; Sadler, John Z. The Oxford Handbook of Psychotherapy Ethics / Online 2020. Oxford: Oxford University Press, online.

Abstract

Current developments in artificial intelligence (AI) for mental health have raised important ethical debates around its uses in psychotherapy, including how and under what circumstances AI may be valuable to improve and expand access to psychotherapy. This chapter discusses the use of chatbots and AI tools as supplements to psychotherapy delivered by persons, and as supervised primary treatments. It presents ethical guidelines and standards for AI and mobile apps in mental health, and discusses how these developments are relevant in the ethics of AI in psychotherapy. Current discussions on the role of chatbots and other AI tools for mental health rely mostly on a perspective of justice. The chapter aims to enrich the debate by complementing a perspective of justice with one of care and using both approaches to reflect on the topics of respect of autonomy, access to treatment, non-discrimination, and fulfillment of people’s needs and care. It argues that trustworthy AI tools may help to establish caring relationships between therapist and patient, and contribute to the therapeutic process.

Abstract

Current developments in artificial intelligence (AI) for mental health have raised important ethical debates around its uses in psychotherapy, including how and under what circumstances AI may be valuable to improve and expand access to psychotherapy. This chapter discusses the use of chatbots and AI tools as supplements to psychotherapy delivered by persons, and as supervised primary treatments. It presents ethical guidelines and standards for AI and mobile apps in mental health, and discusses how these developments are relevant in the ethics of AI in psychotherapy. Current discussions on the role of chatbots and other AI tools for mental health rely mostly on a perspective of justice. The chapter aims to enrich the debate by complementing a perspective of justice with one of care and using both approaches to reflect on the topics of respect of autonomy, access to treatment, non-discrimination, and fulfillment of people’s needs and care. It argues that trustworthy AI tools may help to establish caring relationships between therapist and patient, and contribute to the therapeutic process.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2020
Deposited On:09 Feb 2021 10:24
Last Modified:09 Feb 2021 10:31
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISBN:9780198817338
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198817338.013.91

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