Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Persisting Muscle Dysfunction in Cushing's Syndrome Despite Biochemical Remission


Vogel, Frederick; Braun, Leah T; Rubinstein, German; Zopp, Stephanie; Künzel, Heike; Strasding, Finn; Albani, Adriana; Riester, Anna; Schmidmaier, Ralf; Bidlingmaier, Martin; Quinkler, Marcus; Deutschbein, Timo; Beuschlein, Felix; Reincke, Martin (2020). Persisting Muscle Dysfunction in Cushing's Syndrome Despite Biochemical Remission. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 105(12):e4490-e4498.

Abstract

CONTEXT

Glucocorticoid-induced myopathy is a characteristic symptom of endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS). Its long-term outcome is largely unknown.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate long-term muscle function following the remission of endogenous CS.

STUDY DESIGN

Observational longitudinal cohort study.

SETTING

Tertiary care hospitals and a specialized outpatient clinic.

PATIENTS

As part of the prospective multicenter German Cushing's Registry, we assessed muscle strength in patients with overt endogenous CS. We studied the patients at the time of diagnosis (n = 88), after 6 months (n = 69), and thereafter annually, following surgical remission over a period of up to 4 years (1 year: n = 55; 2 years: n = 34; 3 years: n = 29; 4 years: n = 22). Muscle function was evaluated by hand grip strength and by chair rising test.

RESULTS

Grip strength was decreased to 83% of normal controls (100%) at the time of diagnosis. It further decreased to 71% after 6 months in remission (P ≤ 0.001) and showed no improvement during further follow-up compared with baseline. Chair rising test performance improved initially (8 seconds at baseline vs 7 seconds after 6 months, P = 0.004) but remained at this reduced level thereafter (7 seconds after 3 years vs 5 seconds in controls, P = 0.038). In multivariate analysis, we identified, as predictors for long-term muscle dysfunction, age, waist-to-hip ratio, and hemoglobin A1c at baseline. Furthermore, muscle strength during follow-up was strongly correlated with quality of life.

CONCLUSION

This study shows that CS-associated myopathy does not spontaneously resolve during remission. This calls for action to identify effective interventions to improve muscle dysfunction in this setting.

Abstract

CONTEXT

Glucocorticoid-induced myopathy is a characteristic symptom of endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS). Its long-term outcome is largely unknown.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate long-term muscle function following the remission of endogenous CS.

STUDY DESIGN

Observational longitudinal cohort study.

SETTING

Tertiary care hospitals and a specialized outpatient clinic.

PATIENTS

As part of the prospective multicenter German Cushing's Registry, we assessed muscle strength in patients with overt endogenous CS. We studied the patients at the time of diagnosis (n = 88), after 6 months (n = 69), and thereafter annually, following surgical remission over a period of up to 4 years (1 year: n = 55; 2 years: n = 34; 3 years: n = 29; 4 years: n = 22). Muscle function was evaluated by hand grip strength and by chair rising test.

RESULTS

Grip strength was decreased to 83% of normal controls (100%) at the time of diagnosis. It further decreased to 71% after 6 months in remission (P ≤ 0.001) and showed no improvement during further follow-up compared with baseline. Chair rising test performance improved initially (8 seconds at baseline vs 7 seconds after 6 months, P = 0.004) but remained at this reduced level thereafter (7 seconds after 3 years vs 5 seconds in controls, P = 0.038). In multivariate analysis, we identified, as predictors for long-term muscle dysfunction, age, waist-to-hip ratio, and hemoglobin A1c at baseline. Furthermore, muscle strength during follow-up was strongly correlated with quality of life.

CONCLUSION

This study shows that CS-associated myopathy does not spontaneously resolve during remission. This calls for action to identify effective interventions to improve muscle dysfunction in this setting.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Downloads

3 downloads since deposited on 16 Feb 2021
3 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > Endocrinology
Life Sciences > Clinical Biochemistry
Health Sciences > Biochemistry (medical)
Language:English
Date:1 December 2020
Deposited On:16 Feb 2021 10:15
Last Modified:01 Mar 2021 16:30
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0021-972X
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa625
PubMed ID:32882010

Download

Hybrid Open Access

Download PDF  'Persisting Muscle Dysfunction in Cushing's Syndrome Despite Biochemical Remission'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 707kB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)